Saturday, December 2, 2017

Japanese Pronouns - I, You, He, She, They, My, This, That

For reference, the pronouns of the Japanese language, and the posts which talked about them.

First Person Pronouns

The following words can be used to say "I" in Japanese:

The above are the most common, but there are other first pronouns too.

Second Person Pronouns

The following words can be used to say "you" in Japanese:

There are immense differences between the words above.

Third Person Pronouns

The following word can be used to say "he" in Japanese:
And this is how you'd say "she" in Japanese:

Besides the above, the pronoun aitsu あいつ is sometimes used with a meaning similar to "he."

Demonstrative Pronouns

This, that, here, there, etc. in Japanese are expressed through the kosoado kotoba.

This, That, What


There are certain Japanese words like kou こう, konna こんあ, kochira こちら, and others. that also mean "this," "that," and "what," each with a different nuance. See kosoado kotoba for details.

Here, There, Where

Plural Pronouns

In Japanese, plurals don't work the same way they do in English. In particular, Japanese has the so-called pluralizing suffixes tachi たち and ra, which can be combined with pronouns to form plural pronouns.

To say "we" in Japanese
  • watashitachi 私たち
  • bokura 僕ら, bokutachi 僕達
  • orera 俺ら, oretachi 俺達

To say "they" in Japanese:
  • karera 彼ら
    They. (he and the others)
  • kanojotachi 彼女たち
    They. (she and the others)

To say "these" and "those" in Japanese:
  • korera これら
  • sorera それら

Object Pronouns

There are no words for "me," "us," "him," "her," and "them" in Japanese. There's no distinction between subject pronouns and object pronouns in Japanese.

The only difference is in the usage of particles. This has been explained in simple sentences in Japanese. For example:
  • watashi ga kare wo koroshita 私が彼を殺した
    I killed him.
  • kare ga watashi wo koroshita 彼が私を殺した
    He killed me.

Posessive Pronouns

There are no words for "my," "his," "her," "their" in Japanese. There are no words for "mine," "hers," and "theirs" either.

Instead, the no の particle is used together with a pronoun to express what it possesses. For example:
  • ore no kane 俺の金
    My money.
  • anata no yume あなたの夢
    Your dream.
  • kare no nozomi 彼の望み
    His wish.
  • kanojotachi no kimochi 彼女たちの気持ち
    Their feelings.

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