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Monday, July 22, 2019

で Particle

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In Japanese, the de で particle has various functions.
Sunday, July 21, 2019

ら抜き言葉

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In Japanese, ra-nuki kotoba ら抜き言葉, "ら-removed speech," refers to a way of talking that omits the ra ら in the potential form of ichidan 一段 verbs, conjugating them like godan 五段 verbs that end in ru る.

For example: tabereru 食べれる is taberareru 食べれる, "able to eat," with the ra ら removed.
Saturday, July 20, 2019

い抜き言葉

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In Japanese, i-nuki kotoba い抜き言葉, "い-removed speech," refers to a way of talking that omits the i い at the start of auxiliary verbs attached to te-form, contracting te-iru ている into te-ru てる, te-iku ていく into te-ku てく, de-iru でいる into de-ru でる, and de-iku でいく into de-ku でく, and so on.

For example: miteru 見てる is a contraction of mite-iru 見てる, "to be seeing."
Friday, July 19, 2019

youkoso ようこそ

In Japanese, youkoso ようこそ means "welcome." It's an expression used when welcoming a guest to a new place, like "welcome to city X" or "welcome to organization Y," and so on.

ようこそ❤ネギ先生ーッ
Manga: Mahou Sensei Negima! 魔法先生 ネギま! (Chapter 1)
  • youkoso ❤
    ようこそ❤
    Welcome ❤
  • Negi-sensei'
    ネギ先生
    (character name.)

Above, for example, a teacher is welcomed into a classroom with youkoso.
Thursday, July 18, 2019

へ vs. に

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In Japanese, the e へ particle and the ni に particle are similar in that they can be both used to mark a place for a movement verb.
  • gakkou ni iku
    学校行く
    To go to school.
  • gakkou e iku
    学校行く
    (same meaning.)

However, there are differences between e へ and ni に that can be noted.
Wednesday, July 17, 2019

へ Particle

WIP
In Japanese, the eparticle marks the direction "toward" which an action occurs, or simply means "toward." It's spelled as he へ, but pronounced like e.
Tuesday, July 16, 2019

naku wa nai なくはない

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In Japanese, naku wa nai なくはない is the i-adjective or auxiliary adjective nai ない in the adverbial form, plus the wa は particle, plus the auxiliary nai ない again.

If the first nai is an auxiliary, ~naku wa nai ~なくはない means something "is indeed" somehow. If the first nai isn't an auxiliary, then it depends on what the phrase is saying. The exact grammar has been explained in the article about ~ku wa ~くは.

nakunai なくない

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In Japanese, nakunai なくない means "is not not" or "there is not no" or "[I] don't have no." It's a double negative, so it translates to the positives "is," "there is," and "[I] have."

Grammatically, it'a the i-adjective or negative auxiliary nai ない, inflected to the adverbial form, naku なく, plus the negative auxiliary nai ない. So it's nai twice.

~ku wa nai ~くはない

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In Japanese, ~ku wa nai ~くはない is the adverbial form of an i-adjective, plus the wa は particle, plus the negative auxiliary nai ない. Or it might be kuwanai 食わない, "won't eat."

Basically, ~ku wa nai is used to affirm something "is not" a given adjective.
  • warui?

    Is [it] bad?
  • waruku wa nai kedo..
    くはないけど・・・
    Bad, [it] is not but...

See ~ku wa ~くは for details about the grammar.

~ku wa ~くは

WIP
In Japanese, ~ku wa ~くは is the adverbial form of an i-adjective plus the wa は particle. This can work just like ~te wa ては, separating the adjective and an auxiliary into topic-focus, or just mark the adverb as topic.
Monday, July 15, 2019

nakya なきゃ

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In Japanese, nakya なきゃ is often used to say you "must" do something. It can also be used to say "if not something, something else."
  • ganbaranakya
    頑張らなきゃ
    [I] must work hard. Try my best. Put effort.
    • ganbaru 頑張る
      To work hard. Try your best. Etc.
  • yasukunakya urenai
    安くなきゃ売れない
    If [it's] not cheap, [it] can't be sold.
    • yasui 安い
      Cheap.

Grammatically, it's either a contraction of nakereba なければ, the conditional ba-form of the i-adjective nai ない, "nonexistent," which can be suffixed to verbs and adjectives to create their negative forms.

This nakya なきゃ is almost synonymous with nakucha なくちゃ, which contracts nakute wa なくては instead.

~kya ~きゃ

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In Japanese, ~kya ~きゃ is a contraction of ~kereba ~ければ, the conditional ba-form of i-adjectives. Or some sort of fangirling shriek: kyaa! きゃー!

nakucha なくちゃ

In Japanese, nakucha なくちゃ is normally used to say that you "must" do something. For example:
  • ganbaranakucha
    頑張らなくちゃ
    [I] must word hard. Try my best. Put effort.
    • ganbaru 頑張る
      To work hard. Try your best. Etc.
  • nigenakucha
    逃げなくちゃ
    [I] must run away.
    • nigeru 逃げる
      To run away.

Grammatically, it's a contraction of nakute wa なくては, which is the te-form of the i-adjective nai ない, "nonexistent," plus the wa は particle. See the article about ~te wa ~ては for details.

~cha ~ちゃ

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In Japanese, ~cha ~ちゃ is a contraction of ~te wa ~ては. Although sometimes it means "tea," ocha お茶.

~te wa ~ては

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In Japanese, ~te wa ては is the te-form of a verb plus the wa は particle. This can have two different functions.