And kanji with manga
Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Moon Phases (Terms)

The terms for the "moon phases" in Japanese, gessou 月相, would be:

English Romaji Kanji
New Moon shingetsu 親月
Waxing crescent Moon jougengetsu 上弦月
Full Moon mangetsu 満月
Waning crescent Moon kagentsu 下弦月

The word for "Moon" in Japanese is tsuki 月, e.g. tsuki ga kirei 月がきれい, "the Moon is pretty." This word is the kun'yomi 訓読み of the kanji, getsu is the on'yomi 音読み.

Terms for the four phases of the Moon in Japanese.


The waxing and waning moons are also abbreviated jougen 上弦 and kagen 下弦, like in Kimetsu no Yaiba 鬼滅の刃.

The word gengetsu 弦月 can refer to either waning or waxing Moons. They're also called "half Moon," hangetsu 半月.

The morphemes jou 上 and ka 下 mean the directions "up" and "down," respectively. A jougengetsu 上弦月 is a half-Moon that is going up, increasing, while a kagengetsu 下弦月 is one that is going down, decreasing.

The shin 新 in shingetsu 新月 means "new," like in the i-adjective atarashii 新しい, "new."

The man 満 in mangetsu 満月 means "full," and is found in words like "full tank," mantan 満タン, "satisfied," manzoku 満足, and so on.

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  1. Hope to read about calendar, why they don't use the Japanese word for it (if it exists) nice info