Thursday, July 21, 2016

Dere Types: Tsundere, Yandere, Kuudere, Dandere + Others

Some words you may often hear when talking about girls in anime are tsundere ツンデレ, kuudere クーデレ and yandere ヤンデレ. Besides being used only when talking about girls and being mostly words made-up by fans, they also got this dere デレ there at the end, so, clearly, they're related somehow. But what do they mean exactly?

What is Dere デレ?

First of all, these words are associated with different types of girl characters personalities and their specific romantic behavior. Their very cliched behavior. Behavior anime fans are so sick and tired of seeing they actually made these words just to label it, and then the industry went and started using these words in the animes themselves to appeal the most hardcore fans.

The dere デレ parts says it all. It comes from the noun deredere デレデレ, which means "having a crush on someone" or "being in love with someone." Usually this shows in anime as a character blushing awkwardly while just looking at an other character.

The word deredere is a noun so it's more about how someone looks like they're in love than the actual act of being in love. To use it as a verb you'd use the word dereteru デレてる, which would mean, for example, "to have a crush on someone."

Tsundere ツンデレ

A tsundere is a girl that pretends not to be interested in a guy, but keeps doing things for that guy, and keeps saying she is not actually interested in that guy. So, basically, she just isn't honest with herself and her feelings or is too embarrassed to admit her love.

A tsundere will often say things like:
  • betsu ni anata no tame X janai desu kara 別にあなたのためにXじゃないですから
    It's not like [I did] X because I like you or anything
  • betsu ni suki janai ndakara! 別に好きじゃないんだから!
    It's not like I like you or anything!
  • kanchigai shinaide! 勘違いしないで!
    Don't get the wrong idea!

Plus plenty of calling the guy baka 馬鹿.

By the way, sunao 素直, "honest," would be what a tsundere is not, that is, sunao janai 素直じゃない, "not honest (about her feelings)."

Most of the time, a tsundere character has a holier than thou attitude. She's maybe from a rich family, an ojousama お嬢様, and the guy is a poor commoner-peasant, or she's the president of the school student council, and the guy is delinquent, or a bad student, or a dude who just transferred into a school that was an all-girls school last semester and now he is one of the few guys enrolled facing absurd alienation instead of everybody minding their own business and just studying.

Anyway, the tsundere and her romantic interest are usually given a reason in their backstory for her to reject the guy to maintain her appearances. And then some reason to love the guy for the sake of the plot. That's where the tsundere conflict comes from.

Moe Factor

Because tsundere are tsundere for the sake of the show, they will continue acting tsundere even after they have confessed their love, started going out, or even gotten married and having children despite that making no sense whatsoever.

This happens because tsundere, and the other types of dere, are considered to be moe 萌え by some fans. Their popularity stems from their tsundere attribute, if they stop being tsundere, they stop being popular, so they can't change.

In manga, anime, games, and other forms of fiction of the harem genre, the goal of the author is to include as many types of moe as possible to please the widest audience. So all girls follow one archetype. There's always the smart, quiet type, the genki 元気 type, and, of course, the infamous tsundere type. These tsundere characters are pretty much a most-anime-must-have-one kind of thing.

Tsundere vs. BST

The western slang BST, "belligerent sexual tension," is a bit similar to tsundere, but there's a difference between tsundere and BST.

First off, BST is a scenario. It happens when both parties like each other but either don't realize it or don't want to admit it, so, instead, they'll act like they aren't interested because the character is this or is that, and they'd never date them, hurl insults, violence, and so on.

A tsundere is type of character, not a scenario. Often, tsundere characters are accompanied by BST scenarios, however, there are also cases where one party is a belligerent tsundere and the other party is not belligerent at all. For example, the girl acts like "she would never like someone like him," but the guy is unfazed by her comments.

Tsundere Example

Louise Françoise Le Blanc de La Vallière, also known as Zero.
From the anime and manga Zero no Tsukaima ゼロの使い魔 (The Familiar of Zero)

Tsundere girl Louise Françoise Le Blanc de La Vallière, or Zero, from Zero no Tsukkaima ゼロの使い魔

Tsundere Word Origin

The tsun ツン in the Japanese word tsundere ツンデレ comes the word tsuntsun つんつん, which is a mimetic word for "irritable" or "grumpy," meaning someone is tsuntsun when they become hard to approach and to talk with.

Basically, when you're tsuntsun you just refuse to hear what others have to say. You'll go "hmph!" and turn away. The idea of tsundere characters is that they go "hmph!" and turn away, but eventually they turn back.

People can be tsuntsun just for a while, one isn't necessarily always tsuntsun. It's like being happy or sad. Also, being tsuntsun is completely different from being tsundere. Someone who is tsuntsun is just grumpy, tsuntsun has nothing to do with romance cliches.

Anyway, that means tsundere ツンデレ is actually short for tsuntsun deredere. Yep, that's two abbreviations in one.

Male Tsundere

Every ~dere word talks about character traits, and only that. It doesn't specify gender. There's nothing in the word tsundere that says a tsundere must be a girl. So it's possible to have characters that are male tsunderes as well.

Classical Tsundere Archetype, Exemplified by Johannes Brightwell, from manga Bocchan to Maid 坊っちゃんとメイド: tsun ツン: kaasan ni nani wo iwareta ka wa shiranai ga, boku ni kamawanai de hoshii. Hanashikakeruna, usunoro. [I] don't know what mom told [her], but [I'd] rather [she] not bother me. Don't talk [to me], dunce. Dere デレ: betsu ni... ureshii toka... souiu wake dewa... nai, un... It's not like... I'm happy or... it's not... something like that, [no]...

Do note that even thought it is possible, that doesn't mean it happens. Most tsundere characters are still female.

Furthermore, a serious male tsundere, as in, romantically serious, is probably only going to show up in a manga or anime made for female audiences, "girls," shoujo 少女, as a series made for "boys," shounen 少年, probably would only have it for the comedic effect.

Male tsundere - quote from manga Saiki Kusuo no Psi nan 斉木楠雄のΨ難: sofu wa tsundere de aru. Grandfather is a tsundere

Acting Tsundere

Because tsundere characters having been done to death, sometimes the classic tsundere attitude gets parodied in manga that don't really have tsundere characters.

When this happens, a character that isn't really a tsundere will say stuff a tsundere would usually say. They'll act like a tsundere, but they won't really be a tsundere. Because, you know, unless you're a tsundere all the time, you are not really a tsundere. You're just a tsundere for 2 minutes or even for a single panel only for the sake of a joke.

Acting tsundere - quote from manga Sen'yuu. 戦勇。 in Japanese: be... betsu ni anta no tame ni kattanja naindakara ne. It's... It's not like I bought it just for you, ok? e? nani? boku sasu tame ni katta no? Eh? What? You bought it just to stab me?

Yandere ヤンデレ

Yandere girls are what one would call crazy girls. No, I don't mean like dorky or stunt-loving girls, I mean the batshit psychotic jealous bitch that you'll murder your entire family and your dog just to stay with you.


A yandere sees everyone surrounding the guy as if they're going after the guy, be it male or female, and she will actually attack people to get what she wants, in some cases gorily so, in other cases just name-calling or hiding their possessions somewhere or whatever.

Many yandere are introduced as looking normal and cute. Lovable. Extremely sympathetic. But that's often because they're only shown interacting with their love interest. Once a third characters gets into the equation she starts showing her true colors. That is, an yandere character starts crazy, she doesn't go crazy, she was crazy from the beginning but nobody knew.

Note that the above isn't necessarily true. Some yandere are undeniably nuts from the start. Why a yandere has become insane can vary: she might be a broken victim of some horrible event, or she might simply have a natural inclination to become a serial killer. In any case, as long as she has a mentally sick kind of love she's a yandere.

(the most common type of yandere is violent and jealous, but there are other types of yandere written further below)

Yandere Example

Gasai Yuno 我妻 由乃, also known as "holy shit she's got an axe!"
From the manga and anime Mirai Nikki 未来日記 (Future Diary)

The yandere with an axe, Gasai Yuno 我妻 由乃, from the anime Mirai Nikki 未来日記

Yandere Word Meaning

The yan in the word yandere ヤンデレ comes from the verb yanderu 病んでる which means "to be sick (mentally)." This is slightly different from the verb yamu 病む which means "to be sick (generally)," despite yanderu 病んでる being also considered a contraction of the verb yamu in the te-iru form yandeiru 病んでいる.

A somewhat related word is the word koiyamai 恋病, meaning "lovesick" and written with the kanji for love (koi 恋) and sickness (yamai 病)

Yandere Simulator

By the way, if you ever wanted to become a psychopathic, cold-blooded, murderous highschool girl in a Japanese-style school, then rejoice! There is now a game for that.

Check it out:

Kuudere クーデレ

The last well-known one, the kuudere girls, are those girls that look expressionless, wont react to whatever the guy says, doesn't get jokes, is usually of white or blue hair and most likely regarded as some sort of genius of high IQ or whatever.

The point of kuudere is that, though they're introduced as something like moving ice statues, as they develop their relationship for the guy they start opening up and even actually showing expressions like smiling lightly and stuff.

In some cases, a kuudere will completely melt or break their ice armor, start crying or screaming "I love you," etc. This is when a kuudere goes from kuu mode to dere mode. It's one of the possible developments when you have a kuudere archetype.

Kuudere Example

Ayanami Rei 綾波レイ, also known as another reason for EVA not to make sense.
From the anime Shinseiki Evangelion 新世紀エヴァンゲリオン (Neon Genesis Evangelion).

The kuudere Ayanami Rei 綾波レイ from the anime Shinseiki Evangelion 新世紀エヴァンゲリオン (Neon Genesis Evangelion)

Kuudere Word Meaning

The kuu in kuudere クール comes from the word kuuru クール, which is the katakanization of the English word "cool,."

In Japanese, kuuru can mean a lot of things. It can means someone looks chill, calm or even cold, or exterminator-like badass whenever something happens, or even impressive, like it does in English.

In the case of kuuderes, the kuuru would be the the composed, calm type. The type that doesn't show emotions and stays cool no matter what.

If you want to see kuuru クール used in other ways, go watch Sakamoto Desu Ga? 坂本ですが?Haven't You Heard? I'm Sakamoto), an anime about the cool, cooler, coolest character of them all. Which is not a kuudere by any means.

Different Romaji

Sometimes you may see kūdere instead of kuudere. This is just the same word written with different romaji, Neither are wrong.

Dandere ダンデレ

The word dandere ダンデレ usually refers to characters who are basically mute, that stay silent.

The difference between kuudere and dandere is that a dandere character may be nervous inside (not cool) but even so will prefer to stay silent, and a kuudere character can speak while still keeping their cool.

Dandere word meaning

The dan of dandere comes from the word danmari 黙り, meaning "silence" or "staying quiet."

The word danmari comes from the verb damaru 黙る which means "to stay quiet."

And, finally, this word I think you might have heard in anime before, the word damaru can be turned in an imperative by adding nasai to it. Like this:
  • damari nasai! 黙りなさい!
    Stay quiet!
    Shut up!

One note, though, is that this word is exceptionally rare in Japanese despite being extremely common in English. (Google results 4K vs. 500K). I think that maybe dandere was actually made up in the west by someone that spoke Japanese, or it was used one or twice in Japanese and hastily translated to English, posted on a board like 4chan, and then it got popular in the west somehow.

Dandy Dandere

In some dictionaries dandere is also defined as the combination of dandyi ダンヂィ, "dandy," plus dere. However, we can pretty much ignore this meaning, because that isn't the meaning used in the west, and dandere is rarely used in Japan, so nobody ever means that when they say dandere.

Tsunshun ツンしゅん

A tsunshun ツンしゅん character is a character that goes tsun ツン and then goes shun しゅん.

That is, like a tsundere, she will act grumpy and reject or act uninterested about something. But where a tsundere would go "I'm doing it but it's not like I like you or anything" and try to accept what the guy has to say while trying to keep her "I'm not interested" mask, a tsunshun will not try to find a way to make things work. She will say "no" and then get depressed because she couldn't say "yes."

Example: "no, I'm not going to the festival" words out of her mouth = "why didn't I say yes and went to the festival! Why!!!" words inside her mind a few minutes later.

It doesn't need to be a straight "no." It can be any tsun or anti-social thing. A tsunshun will reject others and act like she's above them and then blame herself for doing this kind of stuff and not being sincere.

Tsundra, Tsundora ツンドラ

A "tsundra," or tsundora ツンドラ, is a like a tsundere without dere and filled with mercilessness instead. Basically, while normal tsunderes often call the guy stupid and so on, they usually do it in a flustered way that hints they don't really mean that because they're secretly interested. A tsundra is different.

A tsundra will, mercilessly, make ice-cold comments about the guy in her complete, absolute and unmistakably brutal rejection of whatever it is. The main point here is that she sounds extremely serious and unfeeling about rejecting the guy so any sane person would get the hint and figure she actually means it.

Example: in episode 1 of Bakemonogatari 化物語, Senjougahara says someone like her is called a tsundere, Araragi retorts, in thought, monologue-ing someone like her is called a tsundora instead.

Also, if you haven't realized it yet, the word tsundra, and tsundora ツンドラ, come from the word "Tundra," which regards to ice cold lands that give you few points in Sid Meier's Civilization.

Tsun'aho ツンアホ

A tsun'aho ツンアホ is a character that's been so tsuntsun all the time they became an aho アホ, in other words, a tsun'aho is a character that has tried so hard to look uninterested and not be honest with their feelings they became an idiot.

It may also refer to a character who was an idiot from the start, tsuntsun on the outside, aho in the inside.

Anyway, this term mostly refers to a girl who, when introduced, she sounds like she has two neurons to rub together, but then she meets a guy whom she likes, but don't want to admit she likes, so she starts saying stupid nonsense all the time to pretend she doesn't like him. Because she says and does so much stupid stuff to hide her super secret feelings everybody knows about, you start thinking she's just an actual idiot.

Gundere / Gandere ガンデレ

A "gundere," or gandere ガンデレ, is a girl that expresses her love with or towards "guns," or gan ガン in Japanese. This is usually in the form of firing said guns while blushing in excitement or something.

If that sounds too specific for you, it's because it is.

Darudere ダルデレ

A darudere ダルデレ is a girl that is darui ダルい, "sluggish," and always says this and that is too much of a pain in the ass to do. If left alone, they'll just sit on their chair without doing anything at all. The dere part comes when she's asked to do something by her love interest. Then she says "ugh, I don't want to, but fine, I'll go. I just need to go with you, right? Then you'll stop bothering me?"

That is, despite her massive complaints about having to do anything, she will lift it a finger if it's for someone she likes.

Nyandere ニャンデレ

A nyandere ニャンデレ is a vague type of dere that's just cat-related. Why cat-related? Because nyan in Japanese means "meow," the sounds cat make.

A nyandere may be:
  • A girl that starts acting like a cat when dere (grows fang, cat-ears, even if not really, but just drawn so)
  • A girl that acts composed, but when she sees a cat she becomes dere.
  • A tsundere with nekomimi 猫耳, "cat ears."
  • An actual cat (or anthro catgirl) that's dere for her owner.

What is Gire ギレ?

The suffix gire ギレ is sometimes added to these personality words instead of dere デレ. Its meaning in words such as tsungire and yangire is that of "snapping" or "being mad" instead of dere's "being in love."

The word gire comes from the verb kireru キレる, which means "to snap" or "to be mad (at someone or something)." Basically to be full of it. To lose your patience. To be done with. To have had the last drop. To burst with anger. To get the last string holding your anger down cut. That's what kireru means.

The gire versions of personalities often have nothing to do with love or romance at all. People often attribute ~gire as more violent versions of ~dere, but these two words aren't actually related. A character deemed ~gire doesn't even need to be in a romance or anything. They just lean towards aggressive, abusive or violent behavior.

The part of the word kireru that becomes the suffix is kire, but it becomes gire instead because of a process called rendaku that changes the pronunciation of suffixes.

Tsungire ツンギレ

A tsungire ツンギレ character is a tsundere devoid of love and filled with rage.

This means an annoyed character that won't say "w-w-why would I do that for you? baka something-kun!" and will instead say "why would I do that for you? Fuck off, you imbecile. Talk to me again and I'll make you regret being born into your pathetic life."

Because of this, tsungire characters are pretty much unapproachable. And if you're smart and value your life, you wouldn't approach them not even with a ten foot pole.

A tsungire character doesn't need to be in love with any character or even interested romantically. She's pretty much just "snapping" whenever someone bothers her with something.

Yangire ヤンギレ

A yangire ヤンギレ character is an yandere devoid of love and filled with rage. Which is some pretty bad combination considering the yan of yandere means "mentally sick." So now you have someone who is mentally sick and that has snapped.

A common type of yangire character is the one that has gone through some sort of trauma and then snaps and goes on a killing spree after getting triggered. Generally speaking, yangire characters have no faith left for the world so they don't care much about killing or getting killed. They just want to watch the world burn.

As one would expect, a yangire character doesn't necessarily.have a romantic interest. A yandere would have one, and would go around killing everyone around her lover in a very jelly genocide, but a yangire is a strong independent character who needs no romantic interest in order to start a massacre.

Anyway, yangire characters are pretty much crazy and crazy violent. All you need to know is that they are crazier than yandere characters and that ought to say a lot.

Types of Yandere

In the west, yandere is basically always associated with the jealous, violent type of yandere, which is the most common. However, given that the word just means "mentally sick and in love," there are other types of yandere which would be recognized only in the Japanese speaking community.

Because they're just Japanese nouns followed by the suffix gata 型, meaning "model," as in "[car] model." So where one would say "a XXX-ing yandere" in English to say what the yandere does, in Japanese there's a noun for that, so it becomes XXX-gata yandere, "yandere of type XXX."

A single yandere can (and normally will) fit in multiple of these types at a time. In particular, Yuno Gasai fits a dozen of them, which is why she's an ideal example of yandere.

All types of yandere can be male or female, straight, gay, lesbian, etc. but the descriptions below assume a female yandere and that "you" are their male victim love interest;

Anyway, here's the list: (sorted by degree of insanity, ascending, see diagram)

mugai-gata 無害型

Harmless type.

"As long as he's happy, I'm happy."

The most harmless type of yandere, the one where she's fallen in love in an unhealthy, obsessive way, but she doesn't do anything insane about it. She'll try hard to become your girl, but won't harm anybody in the way. If you get a girlfriend, she won't attack you two, she'll be happy you found happiness, and maybe still have hope that you choose her in the end.

kanchigai-gata 勘違い型

Wrong idea type.

"He gave me an eraser... this must mean he loves me!"

She gets the wrong idea when you do something in order to match her expectations. If you say you don't love her, she'll think you're lying because of you don't want to hurt her or something. If you do something out of kindness to her, she'll think it's out of love. And so on.

shuuchaku-gata 執着型

Obsession type.

"I sent you 50 messages, why didn't you answer? Where were you? What were you doing?"

Tries to learn everything about you. Personal info, hobbies, routine, etc. Sends regular messages to check on you, asks why you haven't answered if you didn't, wants to know what you're doing always. All the time. And, if possible, walks around with you all the time too.

The obsession type doesn't necessarily want to monopolize you. She'll let you hang around with friends, etc. but wants to know everything you do. She probably wants to go with you, too. If she can't go somewhere with you, she might stalk you.

If she learns a girl is too close to you, she might attack.

sutookaa-gata ストーカー型

Stalker type.

Follows you around, often without you knowing. May be in broad daylight or at night, when you're walking alone on the streets. Maybe even online. A girl of this type is also often of the obsessive type.

dokusen-gata 独占型

Monopoly type. (This is the most common type.)

"Who is that person you were talking to?"

She wants to monopolize you. Will ask who you talk to and hang with, in extreme cases won't let you be with anyone else, not even your friends.

This type of behavior is unfortunately common in real life. It displays insecurities and lack of trust in the relationship which might develop into much worse yandere behavior.

ison-gata 依存型

Dependence type.
("dependence" as in addiction, alcohol dependence, chemical, etc.)

"No, don't leave me! Please! I can't live without you!"

Can't live without you. Begs you to not leave her/throw her away. Says she will die if you go away. May lose will to do anything if you aren't watching. If you do leave, she might go full crazy and end up doing something crazy like going on a murderous rampage or something.

touei-gata 投影型

Projection type.

"You're just like him"

After her former love turned out to be a completely different person than she loved, or got a girlfriend, or died, or something like that, and she can no longer stay with him, she searched for someone who was just like what her love was, and she found you.

This type of of yandere is very innocent at first, but if she's given power to dominate her new beloved, she might end up trying to make him more and more like what her old interest was. For example, wearing the same things, doing the same things, etc.

Sometimes, she might project her ideal lover not on someone else but on same guy. That is, she might say "you are not him, he does this," to you even though you actually are him and you don't do "this."

shoushitsu-gata 消失型

Disappearance type.
(This has nothing to do with Haruhi Suzumiya)

"He will never love someone like me... why exist?"

She loves you, maybe you know that, maybe you don't, but unknown this gives her a crushing depression. She think you'll never love her and she has no chance, but she can't stop her unhealthy feelings of love. She thinks you're too good for her, or that she's too worthless for you. This makes her slowly fade away, disappear from your life. Until she completely disappears forever (kills herself).

This is an atypical yandere since it has so little effect on other characters' lives.

shuumatsu-gata 終末型

Final type.
("final" as in "the end," not as in "final form" or "final fantasy" whatever that final means)

"I don't need a world where he doesn't exist."

After learning you died, she loses purposes in life. The world for her was you, and you're now gone. What this results vary. Most of the time, she becomes broken emotionally, as expected. She might also kill herself. Or, sometimes, she might become a terrorist and destroy the world that let you die, or just go on revenge serial killing or something."

DV-gata DV型

Domestic Violence type.

"It hurts? That's your fault! Next time learn your lesson and stop looking at other girls!"

When jealous, feeling ignored, etc. uses violence against you. She'll beat you and say it's your fault. This can be either discharging pent-up rage through violence and you just happen to be her favorite punching bag, or deliberately punishing you for doing something she didn't like.

Both cases, unfortunately, are also common in real life.

bouryoku-gata 暴力型

Violence type.
Another name for the "domestic violence" type above.

She "uses violence" (bouryoku wo furu 暴力をふる) toward you.

sokubaku-gata 束縛型

Restraints type.

"Let`s stay together forever! You'll never leave my side, not ever again!"

She wants to be with you always, and always, and always, AND ALWAYS, AND ALWAYS. And that means she'll probably kidnap you and lock you into her house so you're forced to stay with her.

There are variations, some lighter, some worse, but the general idea is that she wants you two to be inseparable.

mousou-gata 妄想型

Delusion type.
Similar to the "wrong idea" type above, but far worse.

When her insane love is unrequited (for obvious reasons), and you start literally running away from the crazy bitch, she'll think it's because you're embarrassed, and not because you don't want her. Her love distorts the reality she perceives. She sees a bunch of delusions instead.

The delusion type may also be in denial something unpleasant happened. She'll just forget it happened. Her memories may also be replaced with delusions: she'll remember you being extremely nice to her when you were indifferent, you saying you liked her before you even met, or other girls rubbing themselves on you like cheap sluts when all they did was saying "good morning.

jishou-gata 自傷型

Self-harm type.

"Hey... look at me... look at me... look, there's so much blood coming out..."

She harms herself, cutting wrists, etc. in order to get your attention. This often happens when she's ignored. The "dependence" type might evolve into this if she is abandoned.

There are two sub-types to this.

First, the one where she harms herself in secret and has you notice her injuries, then she says "it's nothing to worry about" hoping you worry about it more. This is usually something light like a knee bruise, etc.

Second, the one where she harms herself in your face as a way to say "I'll kill myself if you leave me," forcing you to stay by her side by guilt.

haijo-gata 排除型

Removal type.

"You don't need other people. You have me."

She will remove from your life everyone she thinks you don't need. Which means everyone else. This can include things like excluding your contacts and messages to even murdering everybody who approaches.

This type of yandere has two sub-types:

First, the one that removes people secretly. She sees you hanging with a girl, the next day that girl has mysteriously disappeared. You, a main character, are probably as clueless as a sheet of sudoku in blank about this incident, and the next several incidents like it.

Second, the one that removes people openly. This also ranges from removing messages to killing people. She might be expecting you agree with her, "yeah, you're right, I don't need other people," or she might just want to show you what she's capable of.

shinjuu-gata 心中型

Double Suicide Type

"Let's die together!"

Why be always together in life if you can be forever together for all eternity? This type of yandere will propose what no sane person would: let's die!

Sadly, suicide pacts are a thing. Double suicide, lovers' suicide, too, is a thing. One of the most famous pieces ever, Romeo & Juliet, (spoilers) sort of ended up in a double suicide.

One thing different in an yandere double suicide is that, often, you don't really want to suicide. It's more like she wants you both dead and she'll kill you then herself. Although there are also actual consensual attempted double suicides involving yandere.

jiko-gisei-gata 自己犠牲型

Self-Sacrifice type.

"If it's for you I wouldn't mind dying!"

She'd make any sacrifice for you, as long as it means getting you to love her. She doesn't even mind dying for you or fighting bloody battles, sustaining multiple injuries, etc. as long as it means staying with you.

Unlike the self-harm type, the self-sacrifice type isn't seeking attention with her suicidal behavior. Instead, she wants to make herself useful and support the one she loves.

This is easier to visualize in anime where fighting monsters, etc. is normal. However, this kind of sickness also exists in real life. Some people do sacrifice themselves for a beloved one in an extremely unhealthy and unrewarding way, just because they "love" them.

suuhai-gata 崇拝型

Worship type.

"I'll do anything for you! I'll even kill for you! Please use me however you want!"

She worships you and will do anything for you. Sometimes even without you asking. And more: she doesn't even mind if you love her or not, or what will happen to her. Killing, dying, committing crimes, losing respect of others, she'll do anything it means providing support to your infinite greatness.

This is one of the least-harmful type of yandere since she would never do anything to harm you and will never be in your way. Nonetheless, it's also one of the most depressing types; it makes you feel sorry for the yandere, who thinks of herself less like a person and more like a tool who might get thrown away if she's not useful enough.

The difference between the "worship" type and the "self-sacrifice" type is that the "worship" type is also like the "disappearance" type. The "self-sacrifice" type wants to be useful so she can be loved, the "worship" type doesn't mind if she is not loved back, in fact, she probably thinks she is not worth being loved by the delusive greatness she considers you.

She wouldn't, for example, attack your girlfriend or other girls out of jealousy, but she might attack a girl approaching you because she thinks the girl is stepping out of her boundaries and being presumptuous by daring talk to your greatness without proper respect.

choukyou-gata 調教型

Training type.

"Say you love me... come on, say it. Say you love me. SAY YOU LOVE ME! Good boy! Here's your reward."

(the word choukyou was once only about "training [animals]" or "breaking [animals]." In modern times, it's also used in BDSM contexts, "[master] training [slave]." It has nothing to do with training for sports.)

She'll break you into loving her. Sometimes using torture, a punishment/reward system, brainwashing, etc. This probably involves you getting kidnapped and forced into it, although there might be more subtle ways to accomplish this.

koritsu yuudou-gata 孤立誘導型

Loneliness Induction type.

"Shhh... it's ok. I'm here. You don't need anyone else. You can just count on me."

She will make, induce, you to feel or be alone. By spreading malicious rumors about you that make others alienate you, by murdering your friends and family, etc. Then she'll jump in and present herself as the only one you can count on when you're most fragile mentally and in need of company.

Inducing things that don't make you feel lonely but give some sort of mental damage, trauma, also count as this type. Conversely, if your friends and family get killed on their own and you're alone but she had nothing to do with it, it's not the same thing since she didn't induce it, although an yandere might abuse your condition to get closer to you.

This type is similar to the "dependence" type, except it's not the yandere that's to become dependent on you, it's you that's to become dependent on the yandere.

kyouki-gata 猟奇型

Bizarre-Seeking Type.

"I love you, so... can you give me your fingernails? I want them so I can always have a part of you with me!"

Undeniably the worst type of yandere, she will murder you, and not by accident, not by jealousy, not by revenge. She will murder you because she loves you. And then she'll keep your rotting corpse on bed or preserved inside a glass because there's no way she'd throw you away.

In a sense sane people are better off not even trying to understand, the bizarre-seeking type of yandere is purely insane, mad way beyond explanation.

The word kyouki, used in the type's name, is normally associated with disturbing imagery involving gore, blood and worse stuff. It's also related to "grotesque" art, guro グロ, which's dubbed "pornography involving gore" despite the fact nobody in their sane mind can figure out how the fuck can someone even "fap to this."

Likewise, nobody in their sane mind can relate to the grotesque love of bizarre-seeking yandere. Ranging from murder, mutilation, and maybe something ever worse us mere mortals can't even begin to imagine, their bizarre displays of love can only be summed up by: "what the actual fuck?"


A map to help you figure out what type of yandere you want in your life don't want to mess around with.

Types of yanderes in diagram form.


The types of yandere above were based on the following articles in Japanese:

And the following Pixiv illustrations:


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  1. I guess Shinna from Pet Girl of Sakurasou is a Kuudere. And Tomoe from Kamisama Kiss and Misaki from Maid-sama are examples of tsudere. I wander What Takumi is on Maid-sama. ?

  2. I think shirayuki from snow White with the red hair is a tsudere

  3. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    1. Unfortunately I had to remove your comment because of spoilers, but here's your answer:

      There's no specific phrase. Yuno Gasai is considered a yandere, because she's mentally sick, jealous to the point of being violent, and in love. What makes a character become mentally sick certainly varies. Some are broken victims and seek solace in a male character's "love," which might be nonexistent, an unrequited delusion. Some are obsessive sadistic psychopaths who had a sick fetish for violence and gore from start and become attached to some poor dude, never really being victims of anything. Both cases are yandere.

      An yandere doesn't necessarily start off putting on a nice-girl mask and hiding her true nature, it's just how it usually goes. But I see that what I wrote can be interpreted that way.

      I have edited the article for better clarity and included a section with the many types of yandere as examples. Thanks for the comment :D

  4. *if i met the worship type* um, not shure if fuc yea, fuck no plz halp or wtf

  5. Dude... This shouldn't be just an anime thing, it should be a psychology article. XD Either all or almost all of these girls exist IRL!

  6. Replies
    1. The answer is written in the article. "Every ~dere word talks about character traits, and only that. It doesn't specify gender. There's nothing in the word tsundere that says a tsundere must be a girl."

  7. Kira Yoshikage confirmed for kyoukigata yandere

  8. There has to be a type of dere that is that one charater that always tries to suduce the mc.

  9. Says the one who uses lewd language freely.