Monday, October 10, 2016

mangaka 漫画家

In Japanese, mangaka 漫画家 means "manga artist," as in, the occupation, or someone who has that occupation.

An example of the word mangaka written in Japanese.
Manga: BAKUMAN。 バクマン。 (Chapter 1)

"Manga Artist" in Japanese

There are various ways to say "manga artist" in Japanese.

The literal way would be mangaka. But that's only used when you're specifically talking about a person who draws manga comics.

Someone who draws an illustration in manga style for something, or just an illustration is general, is credited as "illustrator, " or irasutoreetaa イラストレーター. Someone who draws animation is an "animator," or animeetaa アニメーター.

A mangaka that draws a manga that's also a doujinshi 同人誌 is also a doujinka 同人家.

Often, the author of a manga is credited simply as "author," sakka 作家.

An author, writer or artist, is also called by the honorific title of sensei 先生.

In the case of adaptations, the author of the original work being adapted is normally credited with gensaku 原作, "original work." For example:
  • gensaku: ONE
    原作:ONE
    Original work: ONE.
    • The anime Mob Psycho 100 credits ONE as original work, because ONE is the author of the manga Mob Psycho 100.
    • ONE also drew the original webcomic of One Punch Man.
    • Which Murata re-illustrated as a manga.
    • So in the One Punch Man manga drawn by Murata, ONE is credited with the "original work."
    • The anime adaptation of One Punch Man is based on the designs of the manga by Murata, so Murata is credited for the manga the anime is based on, while ONE is credited for the original work the anime is also based on.

This gensaku word also applies for writers. If a manga is based on a light novel, the one credited with gensaku is the light novel writer. If there is no light novel but two people are working together, one writing the story, one drawing them, the writer is credited with he gensaku, since the artist is adapting the script as a manga.

ぼ 僕が 絵を描いて こいつが原作 quote from manga BAKUMAN。 バクマン。 (Chapter 1)
Manga: BAKUMAN。 バクマン。 (Chapter 1)
  • bo, boku ga
    e wo kaite
    koitsu ga gensaku

    ぼ 僕が 絵を描いて こいつが原作
    I, I'll draw the drawings and [he] will [write] the original work.

Kanji

The kanji of mangaka and the respective meanings of the kanji are:

  • Unrestrained.
    (like laughter, so...)
    Comical.

  • Picture.

  • House.

The first two form the word manga 漫画, which is one of the ways to say "manga" in Japanese.

The last kanji can be read in various ways. For example:
  • ie
    House.
  • ka-zoku 家族
    Family.

But in the case of this word it's the -ka ~家 suffix, which refers to someone whose craft is something, in this case, their craft is drawing "manga," so they are a manga artist.

マンガ家

Sometimes, mangaka is partially written with katakana, as mangaka マンガ家 instead.

The kanji of manga 漫画 are jouyou kanji 常用漢字 taught in chuugakkou 中学校, that is, they're common characters taught in junior high, so the reason for spelling it with katakana is not because they're difficult kanji, but, instead, because manga 漫画 takes 22 strokes to write while manga マンガ takes just 8.

俺と組んでマンガ家になってくれ quote from manga BAKUMAN。 バクマン。 (Chapter 1)
Manga: BAKUMAN。 バクマン。 (Chapter 1)
  • ore to kunde
    mangaka ni natte kure

    俺と組んでマンガ家になってくれ
    Please join me and become a manga artist.
    • ore to kumu 俺と組む
      To partner with me. To join me.

What -Ka ~家 Means?

The -ka ~家 at the end of mangaka 漫画家 is a suffix that normally refers to a craft, and people who do that craft. In the case of mangaka, the craft is manga. They're manga-craftsmen, that is, manga authors, manga artists.

A similar word would be doujinka 同人家, which is someone whose craft is publishing doujinshi 同人誌. Other similar words are:
  • shousetsu-ka 小説家
    Novelist. Story writer. Light novel writer.
    • shousetsu 小説
      Story.
  • geijutsu-ka 芸術家
    Artist. (in the sense of making...)
    • geijutsu 芸術
      Art.
  • sakka 作家
    Author.
    • saku
      Work. (of art, etc.)
    • It's sakka instead of saku-ka because of a change of pronunciation called sokuonbin 促音便
  • ongakuka 音楽家
    Musician.
    • ongaku 音楽
      Music.
  • shashinka 写真家
    Photographer.
    • shashin 写真
      Photo.
  • hatsumeika 発明家
    Inventor.
    • hatsumei 発明
      Invention.
  • hyouronka 評論家
    Critic.
    • hyouron 評論
      Critique.
  • seijika 政治家
    Politician.
    • seiji 政治
      Politics.

Note that there are some exceptions.

For example, not all words for occupations end in -ka ~家.
  • irasutoreetaa イラストレーター
    Illustrator. (katakanization.)
  • animeetaa アニメーター
    Animator.
  • odoriko 踊り
    Dancer. (usually girls, e.g. a belly dancer.)

Also, -ka ~家 can be a suffix for words that are not exactly occupations. For example:
  • senmonka 専門家
    Specialist.
    • senmon 専門
      Specialty.

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