Wednesday, March 20, 2019

-wa ii ~はいい

In Japanese, -wa ii ~はいい is supposed to mean "[it] is good," but it often means "I don't need [it]" or "I don't care about [it]" instead.

礼はいい 仕事をしただけだ
Manga: Hataraku Saibou~ はたらく細胞 (Chapter 1)

Grammar

The phrase -wa ii ~はいい is the combination of the wa は particle plus the i-adjective ii いい, which means "good."

Given this, normally, it would be reasonable to expect a phrase containing wa ii to mean "something is good." And since this wa は particle probably has a contrastive function, it's "something is good (unlike some other stuff which is not good.)"

For example:
  • neko wa ii
    猫はいい
    Cats are good. (unlike dogs, I hate dogs.)

However, sometimes such phrase has a completely different meaning instead:
  • neko wa ii
    猫はいい
    I don't need cats.

Which might make you wonder: "what is wrong with Japanese people?" I mean, ii いい is supposed to be "good," right? If something is "good," then you want it, right? If you say you don't need something, it's because you don't want it, right??? SO WHY DOES THE SAME PHRASE MEAN ABSOLUTELY OPPOSITE THINGS?!??!!?

それはいい

In order to understand this opposite mess we have to think oppositely too. What's the opposite of good? It's "bad.". If something is bad, then, well, then it's bad, we need to fix it, we need to make it good.

But if something is already good, then it's already good: we don't have to do anything about it. We can't make it good twice. It's already in a satisfactory state. Change is unnecessary.

Thus, the way -wa ii ~はいい works in Japanese feels like:
  • sore wa ii
    それはいい
    About that: it's good.
    • That is good.
    • That is okay. That is alright.
    • That is fine, I don't need help with that.
    • I don't need that.
    • That is unneeded.

Note that the literal way of saying "that is unnecessary" would be:
  • sore wa iranai
    それは要らない
    About that: [I] don't need it.

The difference is that sore wa ii tends to be used when you dismiss something someone already gave or is already giving you, because there are other, more important matters to attend, while sore wa iranai tends to be used when you really don't want something at all because you don't like it or it isn't useful to you.

Examples

For reference, some examples of -wa ii ~はいい in action.

礼はいい


礼はいい 仕事をしただけだ
Manga: Hataraku Saibou~ はたらく細胞 (Chapter 1)
  • Context: the Red Blood Cell thanked the White Blood Cell for his hard work. The White Blood Cell responds:
  • rei wa ii
    はいい
    "Expressing gratitude is good." (literally.)
    • Which means:
    • Thanking is unnecessary.
    • rei wa iranai 礼は要らない
      [I] don't need [your] thanks.
  • shigoto wo shita dake da
    仕事をしただけだ
    [I] only did [my] job.
    • He's saying he doesn't need to be thanked for just doing what he was supposed to do anyway.

挨拶はいい

・・・これは 中尉度 こんなムサ苦しい所へようこそ あいさつはいい
Manga: Fullmetal Alchemist, Hagane no Renkinjutsushi 鋼の錬金術師 (Chapter 3)
  • ...kore wa
    ・・・これは
    "...this [is]"
    • Expression used when examining something.
  • chuui-dono, konna musa kurushii tokoro e youkoso
    中尉度 こんなムサ苦しい所へようこそ
    First lieutenant, to a filthy place like this, welcome.
    • This is sarcasm. He doesn't like the lieutenant and is wondering what he's doing in a "filthy place" such as his establishment.
  • aisatsu wa ii
    あいさつはいい
    "Greetings are good."
    • I haven't come all the way here to hear you say "welcome."
    • Let's get down to business.

お前はいい

お姉ちゃんって呼んでもらってもいいかな?なんて・・・ お・・・お姉ちゃん うわ・・・なんか感動・・・!! お姉ちゃん❤ お前はいい
Manga: Danna ga Nani wo Itteiru ka Wakaranai Ken 旦那が何を言っているかわからない件 (Chapter 7)
  • Context: devoid of younger siblings, a woman asks her husband's otouto a favor.
  • oneechan tte yonde moratte-mo ii ka na?
    お姉ちゃんって呼んでもらってもいいかな?
    Can [I] have [you] call [me] "oneechan"?
  • nante...
    なんて・・・
    • When used after a phrase like it's being used here, it means you shouldn't take that phrase seriously: treat it like I was joking.
    • In anime, it often appears after statements that are too serious (out of character) or too embarrassing (forget everything I said), like confessions of love.
  • o... oneechan
    お・・・お姉ちゃん
  • uwa... nanka kandou...!!
    うわ・・・なんか感動・・・!!
    Whoa... [I] feel sort of moved...!!
    • kandou suru 感動する
      To feel moved emotionally. (literally written with "to feel," kanjiru 感じる and "to move," ugoku 動く.)
  • oneechan❤
    お姉ちゃん❤
    • This time it's her husband saying it.
  • omae wa ii
    お前はいい
    "You are good."
    • You don't need to say it.
    • I didn't ask you to do it, I asked your brother.
    • You I don't care about.

"That's a Good Idea"

Not every time -wa ii ~はいい shows up it's going to be the "I don't need it" meaning. Of course, sometimes it's the just-as-one-would-expect "good" meaning. For reference:

それは良いですね 親睦も兼ねてどこか行きましょうか わーい!
Manga: Kaguya-sama wa Kokurasetai ~Tensai-Tachi no Ren'ai Zunousen~ かぐや様は告らせたい~天才たちの恋愛頭脳戦~ (Chapter 7)
  • Context: secretary Chika comes up with an idea: in the summer, everybody in the student council should go on a trip. The vice-president Kaguya comments:
  • sore wa ii desu ne
    それは良いですね
    That's good, [I think].
    • That's a good idea!
  • shinboku mo kanete
    親睦も兼ねて
    • This phrase is used when planning social events.
    • It means the event should also deepen your "familiarity," shinboku 親睦, with everyone else that is going.
    • In this case, the summer trip should be something that helps the student council become better friends, besides being a fun trip by itself.
    • kaneru 兼ねる
      To do two things at once. (shinboku, and...)
  • doko-ka ikimashou ka
    どこか行きましょうか
    Let's go somewhere.
  • waai!
    わーい!
    Yay!

See Also

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