Sunday, November 10, 2019

連声

In Japanese, renjou 連声 is a change in pronunciation that generally happens when two kanji form a single word, and the last sound of the first kanji is the nasal vowel ~n ~ん, or from the m~ or t~ rows, while the first sound of the second kanji is a vowel, or from the y~ or w~ rows, and they combine to form a syllable from the n~, m~, or t~ rows.

For example: hannou 反応, "response," is formed by han はん and ou おう, but since han はん ends in ~n ~ん, and ou おう starts with a vowel, ou おう becomes nou のう.

Examples

For reference, some other examples:
  • unnun

    And so on.
    • un-un
      うんうん
    • un-nun
      うんぬん
  • Kannon
    観音
    Avalokiteśvara.
    • You might have heard this word before if you watched Hunter x Hunter.
    • kan-on
      かんおん
    • kan-non
      かんのん
  • rinne
    輪廻
    The cycle of death and rebirth.
  • innen
    因縁
    Fate. Destiny.
    • in-wen
      いんゑん
    • in-nen
      いんねん
  • onmyouji
    陰陽師
    A sorcerer. One specialized in a certain kind of divination based on Taoism.
    • Very common in many anime with samurai.
    • omu-yau
      おむやう
      (old pronunciation.)
    • omu-myau
      おむみゃう
      (renjou.)
    • on-myou
      おんみょう
      (modern pronunciation.)
  • secchin
    雪隠
    Toilet.
    • setsu-in
      せついん
    • sec-chin
      せっちん

References

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