Friday, July 29, 2016

Body Parts Names List

Characters in anime are people just like everybody else, as such, they have human bodies with its human body parts. Obviously, the Japanese language has words for these human body parts, and here are they.

Index:

Karada 身体

The word "body" in Japanese is karada 体, also written karada 身体. This kanji 体 means "body" and shows up in many body-related words. Take a look:
  • jintai 人体
    Human body
    (hito 人 means "person")
  • nikutai 肉体
    Flesh (meat body)
    (niku 肉 means "meat")
  • nikutai kaizou-bu 肉体改造部
    Body improvement club
    (see anime Mob 100)
  • taikei 体型
    Body shape
    (kata 型 means "model")
  • taiiku 体育
    Physical exercise.
    (sodatsu 育つ means "to raise")
  • taichou体長
    Height. Body length.
    (nagai 長い means "long")
  • taion 体温
    Body temperature.
    (atatakai 温かい means "warm")

Mi 身

There's also another word for body, mi 身, but it's used a little differently.

First off, mi 身 is used more to talk about my body or your body and not just any body like karada. For example, if in anime a character is able to possess other people's bodies he would say kono karada この体 to say "this body," but never kono mi この身.

Another example is the phrase mi no hodo wo shirazu 身の程を知らず, literally "not knowing the limits of the body," which actually means "not knowing your social standing." That is, it's used when a character acts wrongly before a king or imperor.

Head and Face Parts

Well then, let's start talking about the names of body parts now. Starting with the "head", atama 頭 and going down..
  • Head
    atama 頭
  • Hair
    kami 
  • Face
    kao 顔 or men
  • Forehead
    hitai 
  • Brow
    mayu 
  • Eye
    me 
  • Nose
    hana 
  • Mouth
    kuchi 
  • Lips
    kutibiru 
  • Teeth
    ha 
  • Animal fangs
    kiba 
  • Tongue
    shita 
    (do not mistake with shita 下 which means "down")
  • Ear
    mimi 
  • Cheeks
    hoo 
  • Neck
    kubi 

Upper Body Parts

Next are the names of the parts of the "upper body," or joutai 上体 in Japanese. This is the same kanji as in the word ue 上 which means "up."

(do not mistake joutai 上体 with joutai 状態 which means "circumstances")
  • Shoulder
    kata 
  • Arm
    ude 
  • Elbow
    hiji 
  • Wrist
    tekubi 手首
  • Hand
    te 
  • Palm
    te no hira 掌, te no hira 手のひら or te no uchi 手の内
  • Finger
    yubi 
  • Fingernail
    tsume 
  • Chest
    mune 
  • Boobs!
    oppai おっぱい
  • Stomach or abdomen
    hara 腹 or ohara お腹
  • Bellybutton
    heso 
  • Back
    se 背 ou senaka 背中

The word oppai in Japanese, おっぱい, as written in a yellow hoodie worn by Saitama サイタマ, also known as Caped Baldy, a character from the webcomic, manga and anime One Punch Man ワンパンマン

Lower Body Parts

Going deeper lower, the parts of the "lower body" or katai 下体.

(do not mistake katai 下体 with katai 固い which means "hard", "solid")
  • Butt
    shiri 尻 ou oshiri お尻
  • Animal tail
    shippo 尻尾
  • Thighs
    momo 股 or futomomo 太もも
  • Knee
    hiza 
  • Shin
    sune 
  • Leg
    ashi 足 or ashi 
  • Ankle
    ashikubi 足首
  • Feet
    ashi 
  • Toes
    yubi 指 or ashi no yubi 足の指

Sides of the Body

Interrupting the list for an important note! You have two hands, two eyes, two ears, two legs and two feet (I hope). How to talk about only the left part of the body of only the right part?

It's easy. Just use the words migi 右 and hidari 左 which mean "left" and "right". The "left hand" would be hidari te 左手, and the right foot would be migi ashi 右の足.

Sometimes you want to talk about both sides of your body. For this case, there are the words ryou te 両手, "both hands", and ryou ashi 両足, "both legs/feet".

What about only one side? That's kata te 片手 and kata ashi 片足, which would means "only one hand" and "only one leg. These words usually shows up in anime when a character is so strong he says he'll defeat someone else with just only hand, or when other characters try to stop one character from recklessly doing a thing because he only hand one hand.

This kata 片 os only used when you have both sides of a thing. It doesn't mean merely "only".

Insides of the Body

Continuing, the words for the insides of the body, or tainai 体内.
  • Internal organs
    naizou 内蔵
  • Brains
    nou 脳 ou nouzui 脳髄
  • Throat
    nodo 
  • Stomach
  • Heart (real)
    shinzou 心臓
  • Heart (of love, etc.)
    kokoro 
  • Lung
    hai 
  • Large intestine
    daichou 大腸
  • Small intestine
    shouchou 小腸

Yep, that's about it. Now you got enough knowledge  about body parts' names that you could start selling body parts like in Gyakkyou Burai Kaiji 逆境無頼カイジ with all this vocabulary you've learned about anatomy, or kaibougaku 解剖学.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Leave your komento コメント in this posuto ポスト of this burogu ブログ with your questions about Japanese, doubts or whatever!