Friday, October 20, 2017

Japanese Halloween Words

Seeing as it's almost Halloween, I figured I'd make a vocabulary list with common Halloween words in Japanese, including words for witches, magic, and names of creatures and costumes commonly seen in Halloween. (also some short descriptions of the Halloween practices since not all of us get to them)
Halloween in Anime: yay for cultural appropriation! Example of trick-or-treating in Osomatsu-san おそ松さん

Halloween Translated to Japanese

First, let's start with the word Halloween itself. This is English name for a custom, so there's no Japanese word for it. Instead, the word "Halloween" gets loaned into Japanese. This means it's pronounced differently and is katakanized, written with Japanese alphabet.
  • harowin ハロウィン
    Halloween.
  • harowiin ハロウィーン
    Hallowe'en.
  • harowin paatyi ハロウィン・パーティ
    Halloween party.
  • harowin ebento ハロウィン・イベント
    Halloween event.

Some others Halloween traditions with English names also get the same treatment, like trick-or-treat and jack-o'-lantern.

Date of Halloween in Japan

Just to be clear: Halloween in Japan occurs in the same date as it does everywhere else in the world:

Trick-or-treat

Trick-or-treating is the custom of children going around knocking on people's doors and asking for candy. The phrase "trick-or-treat" means if you don't give candy you'll get a pranked.
  • torikku oa toriito トリック・オア・トリート
    Trick-or-treat.
  • okashi お菓子
    Snacks. Sweets. Candies.
  • ame
    Candy.
  • choko チョコ
    Chocolate.
  • itazura 悪戯
    Mischief. Prank.
  • toiretto peepaa トイレットペーパー
    Toilet paper.
    (throwing this over people's houses is a well-known prank)

Pumpkins, Lanterns & Harvest

It seems Halloween was a medieval harvest festival with gods somewhat involved in it, hence the pumpkins.
  • shuukaku 収穫
    Harvest. (of a farm)
  • kakashi 案山子
    Scarecrow.
  • kabocha 南瓜
    panpukin パンプキン
    Pumpkin.
  • kizamu 刻む
    To carve
  • jakku oo rantan ジャック・オー・ランタン
    Jack o' Lantern.
    (pumpkin carved to look like a scary face, usually with lights inside)
  • kabocha no rantan カボチャのランタン
    Pumpkin lantern.

Apple Eating Games

A game of eating apples floating on water without using hands is one of the Halloween customs. This is called different names in English.
  • dakku appuru ダック・アップル
    Duck apple.
  • appuru bobingu アップル・ボビング
    Apple bobbing.
  • ringo kui kyousou リンゴ食い競争
    Apple-eating contest.
  • ringo 林檎
    Apple.

Witch Words

Witches were allegedly women who used evil magic or something and were universally despised and hunted to death in medieval times but then after they were literally gone forever their concept was commercialized and turned out to be tremendously popular in the 21st century.
  • majo 魔女
    Witch.
  • majokko 魔女っ子
    Girl-witch. Child witch.
  • majo no minarai 魔女の見習い
    Witch apprentice.
    (minarai is literally "see-learner")
  • houki
    Broom. (the thing witches fly with)
  • majo no houki 魔女の箒
    Witch's broom.
  • tobu 飛ぶ
    To jump.
    To fly.
  • toberu 飛べる
    To be able to fly.
  • boushi 帽子
    Hat.
  • majo no boushi 魔女の帽子
    Witch's hat.
  • tsue
    wando ワンド
    Wand.
  • majo no tsue 魔女の杖
    Witch's wand.
  • roobu ローブ
    Robe.
  • majo no roobu 魔女のローブ
    Witch's robe.

    Magic, Curses, Spells & Fortune-telling

    Magic, curses, spells, sorcery, witchcraft, fortune-telling, or whatever you call it have already been explained in detail in the post about magic in Japanese, but here are some words anyway:
    • mahou 魔法
      Magic.
    • majutsu 魔術
      Sorcery. Witchcraft. Spell.
    • mahou-tsukai 魔法使い
      Magic-user.
    • mahousho 魔法書
      madousho 魔道書
      Magic book.
    • maryoku 魔力
      Magic power.
      Sometimes called mana マナ.
    • mahoujin 魔方陣
      mahouen 魔法円
      Magic square. (first)
      Magic circle. (both)
    • hoshi-gata 星型
      Star-shaped.
    • gobousei 五芒星
      Five-point star.
    • pentoraguramu ペンタグラム
      Pentagram.
    • kakaru 掛かる
      To have a spell "fall" on you. (among other things)
      (also works for having toilet paper "fall" on houses)
    • tonaeru 唱える
      To chant (a spell).
    • noroi 呪い
    • A curse.
    • norou 呪う
      To curse (someone)
    • norowareta 呪われた
      Cursed.
    • uranai 占い
      Fortune-telling.
    • uranau 占う
      To tell somebody's fortune.
    • shoukan 召喚
      Summoning. (demons, beasts, etc.)
    • shoukan suru 召喚する
      To summon.
    • shoukanjuu 召喚獣
      Summoned beast.

    Witch Familiars

    Names of animals commonly used by witches. If the animal you're looking for isn't in the list below, try the more complete list of names of animals in Japanese.
    • tsukaima 使い魔
      Familiar.
    • kuroneko 黒猫
      Black cat.
    • nezumi
      Rat.
    • karasu
      Crow.
    • fukurou
      Owl.
    • kumo 蜘蛛
      Spider.
    • kaeru
      Frog.
    • koumori 蝙蝠
      Bat.
    • yousei 妖精
      fearii フェアリー
      Fairy.

    Wearing Scary Costumes

    In Halloween there's a custom costume custom where people of all ages make or order costumes to wear.
    • kasou 仮装
      Costume. Disguise.
      (written with the kanji for "temporary" and "attire")
    • kasou suru 仮装する
      To wear a costume. To disguise yourself.
    • kasou paatyii 仮装パーティー
      Costume party.

    Disguising yourself with a costume is a thing, but it's not the same thing as:
    • kosupure コスプレ
      Cosplay. Costume play. Having fun dressing in a costume.
    • ishou 衣装
      Garment. Clothing. (part of a costume.)
    • fuku
      Clothes. (normal clothes)
    • kiru 着る
      To wear.
    • kiteiru 着ている
      To be wearing.

    The practice of wearing costumes sometimes involves disguising yourself as the opposite gender, that is, crossdressing.
    • iseisou 異性装
      Crossdressing.
      (literally written with the kanji for "different," "sex," "attire")
    • josou 女装
      Crossdressing. Wearing female clothing.
      (literally "woman attire")
    • dansou 男装
      Crossdressing. Wearing male clothing.
      (literally "man attire")

    Originally it was about pretending to be an evil spirit, so the costumes were really scary. But then with horror films people started dressing up as popular horror film villains and popularized versions of monsters and creatures. Nowadays they dress up as stuff that's not even scary anymore.
    • kowai 怖い
      Scary.
    • osoroshii 恐ろしい
      Dreadful.
    • kyoufu 恐怖
      Fear.
    • kyoufu wo ataeru 恐怖を与える
      To give fear. To instill fear.

    List of Costumes & Creatures

    Below is a list with names of costumes in Japanese and names of creatures in Japanese. It's in alphabetical order. It includes the scary monsters, a couple of movie characters, and some other stuff the came from TV or something.

    Post a comment if you can't find the word you want.

    A

    tenshi 天使
    enjeru エンジェル
    Angel.

    doubutsu 動物
    Animal.

    obake お化け
    Apparition.

    B

    kuroneko 黒猫
    Black cat.

    banshii バンシー
    Banshee.

    koumori 蝙蝠
    Bat.

    battoman バットマン
    Batman. (character)

    C

    kyattouuman キャットウーマン
    Catwoman. (character, Batman)

    D

    daasu beidaa ダース・ベイダー
    daasu veidaa ダース・ヴェイダー
    daasu beedaa ダース・ベーダー
    Darth Vader. (character, Star Wars)

    shinigami 死神
    Death. (literally "God of Death")

    akuma 悪魔
    Demon.

    debiru デビル
    Devil.

    dorakyura ドラキュラ
    Dracula. (character)

    doragon ドラゴン
    ryuu
    Dragon.

    F

    yousei 妖精
    fearii フェアリー
    Fairy.

    furappa フラッパー
    Flapper.

    furankenshutain フランケンシュタイン
    Frankenstein. (character)

    furedyi kureegaa フレディ・クルーガー
    Freddy Krueger (character, A Nightmare on Elm Street)

    G

    guuru グール
    Ghoul.

    yuurei 幽霊
    Ghost. Phantom.

    goburin ゴブリン
    Goblin.

    shinigami 死神
    Grim Reaper.

    H

    haarei kuin ハーレイ・クイン
    Harley Quinn. (character, Batman)

    hippii ヒッピー
    Hippie.

    I

    koakuma 小悪魔
    Imp.

    J

    jeison boohiizu ジェイソン・ボーヒーズ
    Jason Voorhees (character, Friday the 13th)

    jookaa ジョーカー
    Joker. (character, Batman)

    M

    meido メイド
    Maid.

    ningyo 人魚
    Mermaid.

    miritarii ミリタリー
    Military.

    kaibutsu 怪物
    monstaa モンスター
    Monster.

    miira ミイラ
    Mummy.

    kaijin 怪人
    Mysterious person. (often wearing mask, etc.)

    N

    kangoshi 看護師
    Nurse.

    P

    kaizoku 海賊
    paireetsu パイレーツ
    Pirate.

    porisu ポリス
    Police.

    ohimesama お姫様
    Princess.

    shuujin 囚人
    Prisoner.

    panpukin パンプキン
    kabocha 南瓜
    Pumpkin.

    R

    robotto ロボット
    Robot

    S

    kakashi 案山子
    Scarecrow.

    gaikotsu 骸骨
    Skeleton.

    gunjin 軍人
    Soldier.

    supaidaaman スパイダーマン
    Spiderman. (character)

    U

    andeddo アンデッド
    Undead.

    V

    kyuuketsuki 吸血鬼
    Vampire.

    W

    weaurufu ウェアウルフ
    waaurufu ワーウルフ
    Werewolf.

    ookami-otoko 狼男
    Werewolf. (male)
    Wolf-man.

    ookami-on'na おおかみおんな
    Werewolf (female)
    Wolf-woman.

    ookami-ningen 狼人間
    Werewolf (gender neutral)
    Wolf-human.

    jinrou 人狼
    Werewolf (gender neutral)
    Human-wolf.

    majo 魔女
    Witch.

    majokko 魔女っ子
    Witch-child. Girl-witch.

    mahou-tsukai 魔法使い
    Wizard. Sorcerer.
    (literally "magic user")

    Z

    zombi ゾンビ
    Zombie

    2 comments:

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    1. This is very useful but where it says apple eating contest it's romanised as ringo kui sensou but リンゴ食い競争 is ringo kui kyousou

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