And kanji with manga
Friday, October 20, 2017

Halloween in Japanese

For reference, an article about "Halloween," in Japanese: Harouin ハロウィン, including a list of common Halloween words and practices.

Characters trick-or-treating in Halloween.
Anime: Osomatsu-san おそ松さん (Episode 3)
  • Context: yay for cultural appropriation!

Translation

There's no native Japanese word for "Halloween." Instead, the term gets loaned into Japanese through katakanization of the English word "Halloween."

  • harowin
    ハロウィン
    Halloween.
  • harowiin
    ハロウィーン
    Hallowe'en.
    (alternative transliteration.)
  • harowin paatyi
    ハロウィン・パーティ
    Halloween party.
  • harowin ebento
    ハロウィン・イベント
    Halloween event.

Some others Halloween traditions with English names also get the same treatment, like trick-or-treat and jack-o'-lantern.

Date

Halloween in Japan occurs in the same date as it does everywhere else in the world:

Trick-or-treat

Trick-or-treating is the custom of children going around knocking on people's doors and asking for candy. The phrase "trick-or-treat" means if you don't give candy you'll get pranked.

  • torikku oa toriito
    トリック・オア・トリート
    Trick-or-treat.
  • okashi
    お菓子
    Snacks. Sweets. Candies.
  • ame

    Candy.
  • choko
    チョコ
    Chocolate.
  • itazura
    悪戯
    Mischief. Prank.
  • toiretto peepaa
    トイレットペーパー
    Toilet paper.
    (throwing this over people's houses is a well-known prank)

Pumpkins, Lanterns & Harvest

It seems Halloween was a medieval harvest festival with gods somewhat involved in it, hence the pumpkins.

  • shuukaku
    収穫
    Harvest. (of a farm)
  • kakashi
    案山子
    Scarecrow.
    • Fun fact: the name of Hatake Kakashi はたけカカシ, the character from Naruto ナルト, literally means a scarecrow of a cultivated "field," hatake 畑.
  • kabocha
    南瓜
    Pumpkin.
  • panpukin
    パンプキン
    (same meaning.)
  • kizamu
    刻む
    To carve
  • jakku oo rantan
    ジャック・オー・ランタン
    Jack o' Lantern.
    • Pumpkin carved to look like a scary face, usually with lights inside.
  • kabocha no rantan
    カボチャのランタン
    Pumpkin lantern.

Apple Eating Games

A game of eating apples floating on water without using hands is one of the Halloween customs. This is called different names in English.

  • dakku appuru
    ダック・アップル
    Duck apple.
  • appuru bobingu
    アップル・ボビング
    Apple bobbing.
  • ringo kui kyousou
    リンゴ食い競争
    Apple-eating contest.
  • ringo
    林檎
    Apple.

Witch Words

Witches were allegedly women who used evil magic or something and were universally despised and hunted to death in medieval times but then after they were literally gone forever their concept was commercialized and turned out to be tremendously popular in the 21st century.

  • majo
    魔女
    Witch.
  • majokko
    魔女っ子
    Girl-witch. Child witch.
  • majo no minarai
    魔女の見習い
    Witch apprentice.
    • minarai - literally "see-learner."
    • miru
      見る
      To see.
    • narau
      習う
      To learn.
  • houki

    Broom. (the thing witches fly with)
  • majo no houki
    魔女の箒
    Witch's broom.
  • tobu
    飛ぶ
    To jump.
    To fly.
  • toberu
    飛べる
    To be able to fly.
    (potential verb.)
  • boushi
    帽子
    Hat.
  • majo no boushi
    魔女の帽子
    Witch's hat.
  • tsue

    Wand.
  • wando
    ワンド
    (same meaning.)
  • majo no tsue
    魔女の杖
    Witch's wand.
  • roobu
    ローブ
    Robe.
  • majo no roobu
    魔女のローブ
    Witch's robe.

Magic, Curses, Spells & Fortune-telling

Magic, curses, spells, sorcery, witchcraft, fortune-telling, or whatever you call it have already been explained in detail in the post about magic in Japanese, but here are some words anyway:

  • mahou
    魔法
    Magic.
  • majutsu
    魔術
    Sorcery. Witchcraft. Spell.
  • mahou-tsukai
    魔法使い
    Magic-user.
  • mahousho
    魔法書
    Magic book.
  • madousho
    魔道書
    (same meaning.)
  • maryoku
    魔力
    Magic power.
    Sometimes called mana マナ.
  • mahoujin
    魔方陣
    Magic square.
    Magic circle.
  • mahouen
    魔法円
    Magic circle.
  • hoshi-gata
    星型
    Star-shaped.
  • gobousei
    五芒星
    Five-point star.
  • pentoraguramu
    ペンタグラム
    Pentagram.
  • kakaru
    掛かる
    To have a spell "fall" on you. (among other things)
    (also works for having toilet paper "fall" on houses)
  • tonaeru
    唱える
    To chant (a spell).
  • noroi
    呪い
  • A curse.
  • norou
    呪う
    To curse (someone)
  • norowareta
    呪われた
    Cursed.
  • uranai
    占い
    Fortune-telling.
  • uranau
    占う
    To tell somebody's fortune.
  • shoukan
    召喚
    Summoning. (demons, beasts, etc.)
  • shoukan suru
    召喚する
    To summon.
  • shoukanjuu
    召喚獣
    Summoned beast.

Witch Familiars

Names of animals commonly used by witches. If the animal you're looking for isn't in the list below, try the more complete list of names of animals in Japanese.

  • tsukaima
    使い魔
    Familiar.
  • kuroneko
    黒猫
    Black cat.
  • nezumi

    Rat.
  • karasu

    Crow.
  • fukurou

    Owl.
  • kumo
    蜘蛛
    Spider.
  • kaeru

    Frog.
  • koumori
    蝙蝠
    Bat.
  • yousei
    妖精
    Fairy.
  • fearii
    フェアリー
    (same meaning.)

Wearing Scary Costumes

In Halloween there's a custom costume custom where people of all ages make or order costumes to wear.

  • kasou
    仮装
    Costume. Disguise.
    • Written with the kanji for "temporary" and "attire."
  • kasou suru
    仮装する
    To wear a costume. To disguise yourself.
  • kasou paatyii
    仮装パーティー
    Costume party.

Disguising yourself with a costume is a thing, but it's not the same thing as:

  • kosupure
    コスプレ
    Cosplay. Costume play. Having fun dressing in a costume.
  • ishou
    衣装
    Garment. Clothing. (part of a costume.)
  • fuku

    Clothes. (normal clothes)
  • kiru
    着る
    To wear.
  • kite-iru
    着ている
    To be wearing.

The practice of wearing costumes sometimes involves disguising yourself as the opposite gender, that is, crossdressing.

  • iseisou
    異性装
    Crossdressing.
    (literally written with the kanji for "different," "sex," "attire")
  • josou
    女装
    Crossdressing. Wearing female clothing.
    (literally "woman attire")
  • dansou
    男装
    Crossdressing. Wearing male clothing.
    (literally "man attire")

Originally it was about pretending to be an evil spirit, so the costumes were really scary. But then with horror films people started dressing up as popular horror film villains and popularized versions of monsters and creatures. Nowadays they dress up as stuff that's not even scary anymore.

  • kowai
    怖い
    Scary.
  • osoroshii
    恐ろしい
    Dreadful.
  • kyoufu
    恐怖
    Fear.
  • kyoufu wo ataeru
    恐怖を与える
    To give fear. To instill fear.

List of Costumes & Creatures

Below is a list with names of costumes in Japanese and names of creatures in Japanese. It's in alphabetical order. It includes the scary monsters, a couple of movie characters, and some other stuff the came from TV or something.

A

tenshi 天使
enjeru.エンジェル
Angel.

doubutsu
動物
Animal.

obake
お化け
Apparition.

B

kuroneko
黒猫
Black cat.

banshii
バンシー
Banshee.

koumori
蝙蝠
Bat.

Battoman
バットマン
Batman. (character)

C

Kyattouuman
キャットウーマン
Catwoman. (character, Batman)

D

daasu beidaa ダース・ベイダー
daasu veidaa ダース・ヴェイダー
daasu beedaa ダース・ベーダー
Darth Vader. (character, Star Wars)

shinigami
死神
Death. (literally "God of Death")

akuma
悪魔
Demon.

debiru
デビル
Devil.

Dorakyura
ドラキュラ
Dracula. (character)

doragon ドラゴン
ryuu
Dragon.

F

yousei 妖精
fearii フェアリー
Fairy.

furappa
フラッパー
Flapper.

Furankenshutain
フランケンシュタイン
Frankenstein. (character)

Furedyi Kureegaa
フレディ・クルーガー
Freddy Krueger (character, A Nightmare on Elm Street)

G

guuru
グール
Ghoul.

yuurei
幽霊
Ghost. Phantom.

goburin
ゴブリン
Goblin.

shinigami
死神
Grim Reaper.

H

Haarei Kuin
ハーレイ・クイン
Harley Quinn. (character, Batman)

hippii
ヒッピー
Hippie.

I

koakuma
小悪魔
Imp.

J

Jeison Boohiizu
ジェイソン・ボーヒーズ
Jason Voorhees (character, Friday the 13th)

Jookaa
ジョーカー
Joker. (character, Batman)

M

meido
メイド
Maid.

ningyo
人魚
Mermaid.

miritarii
ミリタリー
Military.

kaibutsu 怪物
monstaa モンスター
Monster.

miira
ミイラ
Mummy.

kaijin
怪人
Mysterious person. (generally the random bad guys in series like Power Rangers, typically wearing a mask, etc.)

N

kangoshi
看護師
Nurse.

P

kaizoku 海賊
paireetsu パイレーツ
Pirate.

porisu
ポリス
Police.

ohimesama
お姫様
Princess.

shuujin
囚人
Prisoner.

panpukin パンプキン
kabocha 南瓜
Pumpkin.

R

robotto
ロボット
Robot

S

kakashi
案山子
Scarecrow.

gaikotsu
骸骨
Skeleton.

gunjin
軍人
Soldier.

Supaidaaman スパイダーマン
Spiderman. (character)

U

andeddo
アンデッド
Undead.

V

kyuuketsuki
吸血鬼
Vampire.

W

weaurufu ウェアウルフ
waaurufu ワーウルフ
Werewolf.

ookami-otoko
狼男
Werewolf. (male)
Wolf-man.

ookami-onna
おおかみおんな
Werewolf (female)
Wolf-woman.

ookami-ningen
狼人間
Werewolf (gender neutral)
Wolf-human.

jinrou
人狼
Werewolf (gender neutral)
Human-wolf.

majo
魔女
Witch.

majokko
魔女っ子
Witch-child. Girl-witch.

mahou-tsukai
魔法使い
Wizard. Sorcerer.
"Magic user." (literally.)

Z

zombi
ゾンビ
Zombie

2 comments:

Leave your komento コメント in this posuto ポスト of this burogu ブログ with your questions about Japanese, doubts or whatever!

All comments are moderated and won't show up until approved. Spam, links to illegal websites, and inappropriate content won't be published.

  1. This is very useful but where it says apple eating contest it's romanised as ringo kui sensou but リンゴ食い競争 is ringo kui kyousou

    ReplyDelete