And kanji with manga
Sunday, February 17, 2019

yosasou 良さそう

In Japanese, yosasou よさそう, also spelled yosasou 良さそう, means "looks like it's good." It's what you get when you add the sou そう suffix to the sa-form of the i-adjective yoi よい, "good." It's also de facto the sou-form of the synonym ii いい.

Yosasou-na 良さそうな

The phrase yosasou-na 良さそうな is yosasou treated as a na-adjective by adding the na な copula to it.
  • ii hito
    Good person.
  • yosasou-na hito
    Person [that] looks like [he's] good.
    [Someone who] looks like a good person.
  • atama ga ii
    "Head is good."
  • atama ga yosasou na hito
    Person [whose] head seems good.
    A person [that] seems smart.
  • naka ga ii 仲がいい
    "Relationship is good."
    In good terms. Friends.
  • naka ga yosasou na kappuru
    A couple [whose] relationship seems good.
    A couple [that] seems in good terms.

This works because sou is a na-adjective, so any word that has the sou suffix is a na-adjective.

Since yosasou is a na-adjective, it can be conjugated to adverbial form, etc. like one:
  • mieru
    To be able to see.
    To be seen. To appear [in a way]. To be visible. (because someone can see it.)
  • yoku mieru
    To see well. (it's very visible.)
    [I can] see [that] well.
    • yoku is the adverbial form of the i-adjective yoi よい.
  • yosasou-ni mieru
    To look like it's good. (you actually saw it, and it "looked good," yosasou.)
    • yosasou-ni is the adverbial form of the na-adjective yosasou.

Yosou vs. Yosasou

One important thing to note about yosasou is that when adding the sou そう suffix to normal adjectives to say "looks like..." You normally add it to their stem, for example:
  • warui
  • warusou
    Looks bad.
  • warusou-na hito
    A person [that] looks like [he's] bad.

But because Japanese hates you, yosasou よさそう gets the sou suffix added to its sa-form, yosa よさ, instead of the stem.
  • kimochi-ii
  • kimochi-yoi
    (same meaning.)
  • kimochi-yo-sa
    How good it feels.
  • kimochi-yo-sa-sou
    To look like it feels good.
  • kimochi-yo-sa-sou-na kao
    A face [that] looks like [it] feels good.
    [He] looks like [he's enjoying himself.] (e.g. his facial expression tells he's enjoying an activity, like singing, watching the clouds, going on a psychopathic murderous rampage, sleeping, dancing, etc.)

This isn't normal: the only other adjective that gets sou そう added to the sa-form instead of the stem is nai 無い. Probably all other i-adjectives get sou added to the stem. It's just yosasou and nasasou that are weird.
  • kane ga nai
    Money is nonexistent.
    There's no money. To have no money.
  • kane ga nasasou-na hito
    A person [that] looks like [he] has no money.

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