Friday, April 30, 2021

Sitting Positions (Terms List: Seiza, Agura, Wariza, Yoko-zuwari, Tate-hiza, Chouza, & Others)

For reference, a glossary of terms for sitting positions in Japanese.

A collage of names of sitting positions in Japanese.
Source: various.


The verb suwaru 座る meant "to sit" in Japanese.

  • suwari
    The sitting. How one is seated.
    (noun form.)
  • suwari-kata
    Way to sit. How to sit.
  • zahou
    Sitting method. How to sit.

On Floor


The seiza 正座, "proper sitting," is considered to be the proper way to sit on the floor, in formal occasions, etc.

Example of seiza 正座 on a tatami 畳 mat.
Anime: Miru Tights, みるタイツ (Episode 6)


The agura あぐら is a name for a certain Chinese folding chair, which makes a X shape when unfolded, and the the term for sitting on the floor with legs crossed.

Furuta Sasuke 古田左介 sitting with legs crossed, in agura あぐら position.
Character: Furuta Sasuke 古田左介
Anime: Hyouge Mono, へうげもの (Episode 2)


The wariza 割座, "parted sitting," also known as "W sitting," among other names, refers to sitting with your butt on the floor, one leg to each side, forming a W shape.

Also known as: ぺたん座り, ぺたんこ座り, 女の子座り, アヒル座り, W座り, おばあちゃん座り.

Sasha Necron サーシャ・ネクロン, example of W sitting.
Character: Sasha Necron サーシャ・ネクロン
Anime: Maou Gakuin no Futekigousha: Shijou Saikyou no Maou no Shiso, Tensei shite Shison-tachi no Gakkou e 魔王学院の不適合者 ~史上最強の魔王の始祖、転生して子孫たちの学校へ通う~ (Episode 2)


The yokozuwari 横座り, "side sitting," refers to sitting to legs to one side.

Also known as: 女座り, 女の子座り, 人魚座り, お姉さん座り.

Yuugiri ゆうぎり, example of yoko-zuwari 横座り, "side sitting."
Character: Yuugiri ゆうぎり
Anime: Zombieland Saga, ゾンビランドサガ (Episode 6)


The chouza 長座, "long sitting," refers to sitting with legs straight, stretched long.

Asaka Karin 朝香果林 helping Konoe Kanata 近江彼方 bend forward by pushing her back.
Left: Asaka Karin 朝香果林
Right: Konoe Kanata 近江彼方
Anime: Love Live! Nijigasaki Gakuen School Idol Doukoukai, ラブライブ! 虹ヶ咲学園スクールアイドル同好会 (Episode 4)


The tatehiza 立膝, "standing knee," refers to sitting with one's knee up.

Cthuko クー子, Yasaka Mahiro 八坂真尋, and Nyaruko ニャル子, sitting in different positions: W sitting, tate-hiza 立膝, and seiza 正座.
Left: Cthuko クー子
Middle: Yasaka Mahiro 八坂真尋
Right: Nyaruko ニャル子
Anime: Haiyore! Nyaruko-san 這いよれ!ニャル子さん (Episode 3)


The taiiku-zuwari 体育座り, "physical education sitting," refers to sitting holding one's knees.

Also known as: 三角座り, 体操座り.

Hyuuga Akari 日向朱里, Kanou Koyomi 叶こよみ, example of taiiku-zuwari 体育座り.
Left: Hyuuga Akari 日向朱里
Right: Kanou Koyomi 叶こよみ
Anime: Yagate Kimi ni Naru やがて君になる (Episode 3)


The kekkafuza 結跏趺坐 is the lotus position in yoga. It's similar to the agura, but differs in that the feet's soles face up.

Senjougahara Hitagi 戦場ヶ原ひたぎ, example of character sitting in the lotus position of yoga, used for meditation, also called kekkafuza 結跏趺坐.
Character: Senjougahara Hitagi 戦場ヶ原ひたぎ
Anime: Koyomimonogatari 暦物語 (Episode 4)


The word for squatting would be:

  • shagamu
    To bend one's knees and lower your hips.
    To crouch. To squat.


The yankii-zuwari ヤンキー座り refers to squatting with one's legs open. It's associated with yankii ヤンキー, "delinquents," making it known as the "delinquent squat."

Maeda Taison 前田太尊, example of yankii-zuwari ヤンキー座り, delinquent squat.
Character: Maeda Taison 前田太尊
Manga: Rokudenashi Blues, ろくでなしBLUES (Volume 25, Chapter 仏の顔も・・・)


The unko-zuwari うんこ座り, "poop sitting," refers to sitting in a position used to poop in a "Japanese style toilet," washiki-benki 和式便器, that is, squatting, regardless of whether the person squatting is defecating at the time or not.

Minami Yume 南夢芽, example of unko-zuwari うんこ座り, "poop sitting," a term for squatting.
Character: Minami Yume 南夢芽
Anime: SSSS.DYNAZENON (Episode 2)


The sonkyo 蹲踞 is the squatting pose taken by wrestlers in sumō 相撲, with legs open, thighs horizontal, and heels not touching the floor.

Ushio Hinomaru 潮火ノ丸, example of character squatting in sonkyo 蹲踞 position.
Character: Ushio Hinomaru 潮火ノ丸
Anime: Hinomaru-zumou 火ノ丸相撲 (Episode 1)


The word ashikumi 足組み refers to "crossing [one]'s legs" when sitting on a chair, for example.

Nishikino Maki 西木野真姫, example sitting "crossing legs," ashikumi 足組み.
Character: Nishikino Maki 西木野真姫
Anime: Love Live! School Idol Project (Episode 2, Stitch)


The kuuki-isu 空気椅子, "air chair," refers to keeping a posture as if you were sitting on a chair, except there's no chair, and you're just squatting really high.

Sakamoto 坂本, example of kuuki isu 空気椅子, "air chair."
Character: Sakamoto 坂本
Anime: Sakamoto Desu ga? 坂本ですが? (Episode 1)


The hizamakura 膝枕, "lap pillow," refers to letting someone use your lap as a pillow.

Sakuranomiya Maika 桜ノ宮苺香 and Dino ディーノ, example of "lap pillow," hizamakura 膝枕.
Lap: Sakuranomiya Maika 桜ノ宮苺香
Head: Dino ディーノ
Anime: Blend S, ブレンド・S (Episode 3)


The ishidaki 石抱き, "stone-hugging," refers to a torture method in which someone does a seiza on a ridged block and stone blocks are placed on their lap.

Wave ウェイブ kneeling on a ridged wood block, Kurome クロメ placing wood stones over his legs, example of ishidaki 石抱き.
Left: Wave, ウェイブ
Right: Kurome クロメ
Anime: Akame ga Kill!, アカメが斬る! (Episode 10)
Poses & Gestures

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