Monday, August 22, 2016

ware 我

In Japanese, ware means "I," or "me." It's a literary first person pronoun that particularly emphasizes one's very existence,. It's not used normally, except in some set phrases, and by some anachronistic or deity-like anime characters.

It's also spelled ware .


The pronoun ware 我 is very different from other Japanese first person pronouns, for multiple reasons.

It's archaic, in the sense that it was used more normally in old Japanese, but nowadays its usage is limited to literary, profound sounding statements, and a number of set phrases.

  • ware nagara
    While [it] is myself. (literally.)
    Even if I say so myself.
    • Used to say praises to yourself.
    • Context: I make something.
    • ware nagara yoku dekite-iru
      It's well-made, even if I say so myself.
    • Context: I look at myself in the mirror.
    • ware nagara ikemen da
      [I] am a hot guy, even if I say so myself.
すみません・・・ キンチョーで我を忘れそうになりました
Manga: AQUA (Chapter 1, 水の惑星)
  • Context: Mizunashi Akari 水無灯里, a wannabe gondolier, gets nervous rowing a boat for the first time, rowing too fast until the passenger tells her to slow down.
  • sumimasen...
  • kinchou de {ware wo wasure-sou ni} narimashita
    [I] became`{close to forgetting myself} due to nervousness. (literally.)
    • ware wo wasureru
      To forget oneself.
      To be so focused in doing a task that you forget your own existence, in the sense of doing only one thing and forgetting about your surroundings (the passenger), or a greater objective.

When used for profound-sounding effect, it tends to be accompanied by other archaisms, like ending a sentence with ~nari ~なり, or using the literary copula de aru である.

Characters that use ware in anime tend to be hundreds and hundreds of years old, or have transcended physical bodies, referring to themselves by their very existence instead, in which case, they're often deities or machine-like spiritual beings that are difficult to negotiate with.

Normally, a pronoun takes the no の particle to become a possessive no の adjective. While this is also possible with ware 我, its possessive is often a completely different word instead:

Ironically, waga 我が is more common in modern Japanese than ware.

Similarly, a pronoun takes a pluralizing suffix like ~tachi ~たち to become plural. The word ware 我 can take the ~ra ~ら suffix, but it normally becomes plural through reduplication instead.

  • wareware

    We. Us.
  • warera
    (same meaning.)

Typically, wareware 我々 is used to refer to one's organization, or a group they're member of.

One difference between these two words is that warera takes the ga が possessive sometimes.

  • warera ga kuni
    Our country.

This pronoun is normally used to refer to an organization one represents, or one's party, country, species, etc.

  • Context: a wild UFO appears.
  • wareware wa uchuujin desu
    We are aliens.


No comments:

Post a Comment

Leave your komento コメント in this posuto ポスト of this burogu ブログ with your questions about Japanese, doubts or whatever!

All comments are moderated and won't show up until approved. Spam, links to illegal websites, and inappropriate content won't be published.