Tuesday, December 31, 2019

tehe pero てへぺろ

In Japanese, tehe pero てへぺろ is a silly pose that basically means "oops!"

There are many variations of the pose, but it's generally used when a character cute girl does something wrong, a mischief, so they giggle a "tee hee" and put their "tongues" out in a silly expression.

This gesture is often accompanied by placing one hand behind the head, like to say sorry, or using the hand to strike a pose, like with a peace sign, with one eye close, as if they're about to take a photo or something like that.

Lilith リリス striking a  tehe pero てへぺろ pose.
Character: Lilith リリス
Anime: Machikado Mazoku まちカドまぞく (Episode 8)

It's also spelled terepero テヘペロ, tehe pero with star てへぺろ☆, and, in English, "teehee pero."

kaogei 顔芸

In Japanese, kaogei 顔芸, "face performance," refers to comedic performance (in real life) using the face, specially making weird facial expressions.

From that, in anime and manga, kaogei can refer to basically any facial expression used to communicate a characters' emotions, but specially the intense, ridiculous, or over the top ones, like those often used when a character is shocked or enraged.

Examples of 顔芸, exaggerated anime facial expressions.
Anime: Shinchou Yuusha 慎重勇者 (Various Episodes)
Monday, December 16, 2019

kateikei 仮定形

In Japanese, the kateikei 仮定形 is one of the six basic inflectable forms of verbs and adjectives.

The term kateikei is used with modern Japanese. The term izenkei 已然形 is used with classical Japanese. The kateikei evolved from the izenkei. Although they're similar, their functions are different.

For example, in nomeba 飲めば, the nome~ 飲め~ part is the kateikei or the izenkei. In modern Japanese, it's the kateikei, and nomeba means "if [you] drink [it]." In classical Japanese, it's the izenkei, and nomeba means "because [you] drink [it]."
Sunday, December 15, 2019

rentaikei 連体形

In Japanese, the rentaikei 連体形 is one of the six basic inflectable forms of verbs and adjectives.

For example, in {kirei na} neko 綺麗な猫, "a cat [that] {is pretty}," and {shaberu} neko しゃべる猫, "a cat [that] {talks}," the phrases kirei na 綺麗な and shaberu しゃべる are in the rentaikei.
Saturday, December 14, 2019

ren'youkei 連用形

In Japanese, the ren'youkei 連用形 is one of the six basic inflectable forms of verbs and adjectives.

For example, in yomimasu 読みます, "to read (polite)," and yomitai 読みたい, "want to read," the yomi 読み is the ren'youkei form of the verb yomu 読む, "to read."
Tuesday, December 10, 2019

mizenkei 未然形

In Japanese, the mizenkei 未然形 is one of the six basic inflectable forms of verbs and adjectives. It doesn't mean anything on its own, and acts as an intermediary step to construct more complex forms.

For example, in yomanai 読まない, "doesn't read," and yomareru 読まれる, "to be read," the yoma~ 読ま~ is the mizenkei of yomu 読む, "to read."
Monday, December 9, 2019

Potential Verbs

In Japanese, a kanou doushi 可能動詞, "potential verb," is a shimo-ichidan verb conjugated from a godan verb consonant stem plus ~eru ~eる, which adds an "able to" meaning to it.

For example: yomeru 読める, "to be able to read," or "can read," is the potential verb variant of yomu 読む, "to read."

It is, in practice, the potential form of godan verbs.
Sunday, December 8, 2019

gojūon 五十音

In Japanese, go-juu-on 五十音, "fifty sounds," refers to a way to layout the kana 仮名 characters as a table of five columns (vowels) per ten rows (consonants), totaling fifty table cells. This layout is also used to sort Japanese words.

The term is also romanized gojūon, with a macron on the long vowel.