Thursday, November 16, 2017

bakana! バカな!

In Japanese, baka na バカな means something is "stupid."

But, often, b-b-b-bakana!!! translates to English as "impossible!!!" or "it can't be!!!" and it's typically used by villains when the protagonist does something extremely absurd that ruins all their plans.

Bakana! How can this be?! From the translation, the word bakana has literally nothing to do with "stupid." It means "impossible," for kamisama's sake! So what's going on here?

Manga: Yotsuba to! よつばと! (Chapter 66, よつばとでんきや)


The phrase baka na バカな means something "is stupid" because it's composed of two parts:

This na な attributive copula replaces da だ when it comes before a noun, in a relative clause. Observe:

  • kono hito wa baka da
    This person is stupid.
  • {baka na} hito
    A person [that] {is stupid}.
    A stupid person.
  • {baka na} oniisan
    [My] older brother [who] {is stupid}.
    [My] stupid older brother.
  • {baka na} imouto
    [My] younger sister [who] {is stupid}.
    [My] stupid younger sister.
  • {baka na} watashi
    Me, [who] {is stupid}.
    Stupid me.

The attributive form always comes before a noun, this means that the bakana!!! we hear in anime should come before something else, but it never does, so clearly it's a different thing, right?

Well, actually, no. It's the same thing. Except that what comes after bakana is cut short, left unsaid, so it sounds the grammar is different, when it's actually not.

What's cut short is probably this:

  • baka na koto!
    Stupid thing! Stupid idea! Stupid action [you've taken]!

Another part that's cut short is a demonstrative sonna そんな, "like that," before baka.

  • sonna {baka na} koto!
    Something [that] {is stupid} like that!
    Something stupid like that!
    Something that stupid!

We can already picture what's probably being said:

  • sonna {baka na} koto aru wake ga nai!
    Something that stupid can't possibly exist!
  • sonna {baka na} koto dekiru wake ga nai!!
    Something that stupid can't possibly be done!!
  • sonna {baka na} koto okoru hazu ga nai!!!
    Something that stupid would never happen!!!

Or something like that. You can replace stupid by absurd and then it probably makes more sense:

  • There's no way something so absurd could possibly have happened!
Manga: Yotsuba to! よつばと! (Chapter 66, よつばとでんきや)
  • nanii!! sonna baka na!!
    Whaat!! [Something] that stupid [can't be]!!

By the way, since baka na! is cut short, it sometimes has a small tsu at the end of the phrase. That small tsu is purely phonetic and means nothing.

  • baka na!
    No way!
    It can't be!
  • baka na'!
    (same meaning.)

Both sentences above mean the same thing.


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  1. "The word bakana has literally nothing to do with 'stupid.'" I think that's where my confusion came from. I kept thinking it had to mean something related to stupidity. Thanks for the clarification.

  2. Not sure if I should take this seriously, since you combined "Kami" and the honorific "sama" in the same word xP
    It should be "Kami-sama"

    1. Maybe because in actual Japanese there are no dashes to separate words, 神様 (かみさま) and not 神-様 (かみ-さま) Hehe!

  3. it is confusing, because not only is there Ba ka na ばかな/バカ な theres also bagana ばがな which mean stupid/fool etc. to be honest though, i never heard a B, i heard an F, so not a Ba sound but a Fa sound, because of how fast the first syllable is, so i thought they were saying fakana, turns out 'fuka na ふかな' means stupid, unless written like this 'fuka na 不可な' where it means impossible. as for the word impossible that can also be '不可能 Fukanō' so more confusing stuff for us english speakers just learning japanese.

  4. Then what is bakara and bakayaro mean?

    1. I'm pretty sure the literal translation of that is actually 2 words: Baka and Yaro, Yaro meaning "bastard". So literally "stupid bastard".