And kanji with manga
Monday, April 11, 2022

-masu Stem

In some Japanese textbooks, the term -masu stem (or masu-stem) refers to what you get when you conjugate a verb to its polite form, which ends in ~masu ~ます, and then remove the ~masu suffix, leaving you with the stem of the conjugation. It refers to the same thing as the term ren'youkei 連用形, except that adjectives don't have a ~masu form, so they don't have a masu-stem. Usually the term is used when talking about adding a different suffix to the masu-stem (ren'youkei). For example:

ichidan verb godan verb
Dictionary form kiru
着る
To wear.
kiru
切る
To cut.
Polite form kimasu
着ます
kirimasu
切ります
masu-stem
or ren'youkei.
ki~
着~
kiri~
切り~
tai-form
(masu-stem + ~tai)
kitai
着たい
To want to wear.
kiritai
切りたい
To want to cut.

Grammar

See the article about the ren'youkei 連用形 for details about grammar.

See the article about stem if you want to know what the word "stem" in masu-stem is supposed to mean.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Leave your komento コメント in this posuto ポスト of this burogu ブログ with your questions about Japanese, doubts or whatever!

All comments are moderated and won't show up until approved. Spam, links to illegal websites, and inappropriate content won't be published.