Saturday, October 29, 2016

chigau 違う - Meaning in Japanese

In Japanese, chigau 違う means literally "to differ," but it's typically used to say someone got something "wrong," to say it "is different" from what they said, to deny what someone said, i.e. to say "no" in Japanese.

いや・・・・・・・・・・・・ ちがうって・・・・・・・・・ 人間・・・・・・・・・ 人間・・・・・・・・・・・・ 僕は・・・・・・・・・・・・
Manga: Ajin 亜人 (Chapter 1, 発覚とその後の行動について)


The word chigau 違う is a stative verb, which means that it's normally used in nonpast form, rather than ~te-iru ~ている form.

  • sore wa chigau
    That differs. (literally.)
    That's not the same thing.
    That's wrong, that's different.

Literally, chigau means "to differ," but we don't normally say the verb "to differ" in English, instead we say the adjective "to be different."

Both phrases have a stative lexical aspect: if you say something "differs" in present tense, then it "is different" in present tense. It just happens that in Japanese the verb chigau is used instead of an adjective.


For reference, how to conjugate chigau:

違う Conjugation Table
Polite form.
Nonpast form. chigau
Past form. chigatta
Negative form. chigawanai
Past negative form. chigawanakatta
chigaimasen deshita
~te-iru form chigatte-iru


The word chigau can be used with the to と particle to say one thing is different to another.

  • kore to sore wa chigau
    This and that differ.
    This and that are different things.
  • ore wa aitsu to wa chigau
    I differ with him.
    I'm different from him.
    I'm not the same as him.
    • issho ni suru na!
      Don't make [us] the same! (literally.)
      Don't put us in the same group!
      Don't treat me as being like him!
      (causative eventivizer.)
人間はやり直せる。 いまからでも遅くない・・・・・・ 先生・・・・・・ 先生と俺、あんまり年違わないけど・・・・・・・・・・・・ 先生・・・・・・親父みたいだ。
Manga: MONSTER, モンスター (Chapter 7, モンスター)
  • Context: a doctor talks to a patient in wheelchair, who is also a criminal.
  • ningen wa yari-naoseru.
    Humans can do-over.
    Humans can [start again].
  • ima kara demo osokunai......
    Even from now isn't late......
    • You can still start over, it isn't too late to begin now.
  • sensei......
  • sensei to ore,
    anmari toshi
    chigawanai kedo............

    [You] and me, [our] ages don't differ much, but.........
    We're about the same age, but.........
  • sensei...... oyaji mitai da.
    [You]...... are like [my] father.

With Adverb

Like any verb, chigau can be modified by adverbs.

  • sore wa sukoshi chigau
    That differs a little.
    That's a little different.
    You got it a bit wrong.
  • sore wa zenzen chigau
    That differs completely.
    That's completely different.
    You got it completely wrong.
  • {bimyou ni} chigau
    [It] {strangely} differs.
    It's somehow off.
    It's not quite the same thing.
  • {mattaku chigau} mono desu
    [It] is a thing [that] {differs completely}.
    [It] is a {completely different} thing.

"Wrong" in Japanese

More often than not, chigau is used to say something is "wrong," "not right," that someone has gotten the wrong idea about something, that reality "is different," and then the speaker is probably going to try to clear up any misunderstanding.

いや・・・・・・・・・・・・ ちがうって・・・・・・・・・ 人間・・・・・・・・・ 人間・・・・・・・・・・・・ 僕は・・・・・・・・・・・・
Manga: Ajin 亜人 (Chapter 1, 発覚とその後の行動について)
  • Context: Nagai Kei 永井圭 survives what should be a fatal traffic accident involving a truck, just after news that there's a monetary reward for finding immortal people, and tries to save himself from a greedy mob gathering around his regenerated self.
  • iya............
  • chigau tte.........
    [I'm] telling [you] it's not what you think............
  • ningen.........
  • ningen............
  • boku wa............
    • Note: Japanese often makes use of right-dislocated sentences that look like Yoda speak:
    • ningen da, boku wa
      "Am human, I."
    • boku wa ningen da
      I'm human.
      (not dislocation.)
Character: Isshiki Makoto 一色誠
Anime: Chuunibyou demo Koi ga Shitai! 中二病でも恋がしたい! (Episode 1)
  • Context: Isshiki Makoto 一色誠 asks Togashi Yuuta 富樫勇太 about his relationship with a (troublesome) girl. Yuuta firmly denies having any relationship with her at all, prompting Makoto to question his sexuality.
  • nanda, omae moshikashite...
    What is [it], could it be that you [are]...
  • *gestures*
  • ...kore ka?
  • chigau!
あぶないっ!! ひっ!! 普通の人はそんなリアクションしない!! 違うっ! 私、まんがなんて読みません!!
Anime: Katte ni Kaizou かってに改蔵 (Chapter 7 of Volume 23, 今世紀最大の痕跡)
  • Context: how to tell someone is a weeb an otaku オタク.
  • abunai'!!
    [Watch out]!!
    [It] is dangerous!! (literally.)
  • hi'!!
  • *she does a rumic sign.*
  • futsuu no hito wa sonna riakushon shinai!!
    A normal person doesn't make that sort of reaction!!
  • chigau'!
    [It's a misunderstanding]!
  • watashi, manga nante yomimasen!!
    I don't read manga!!
我々のボスがあなたの体に興味を持ったようです 俺オトコに興味ねーぞ・・・ いや違います先生
Manga: One Punch Man, Wanpanman ワンパンマン (Chapter 9)
  • Context: a caped baldy with extreme strength is targeted by an evil organization. He interrogates one the bad guys concerning why they're after him.
  • {wareware no bosu ga
    anata no karada ni
    kyoumi wo motta}
    you desu

    It seems {our boss had interest in your body}.
  • ore, otoko ni kyoumi nee zo...
    I don't have interest in men...
  • iya, chigaimasu, sensei
    No, you got it wrong, master.
    • They aren't "interested" as in "attracted," they are "interested" in why he's so physically powerful.
からあげにはマヨネーズだろJK(じょうこう) もぐもぐ JK(じょうこう)ってなんだ・・・? JK(じょうこう)・・・ ピ・・・ 女子高生? なんでジョシコーセー? あ、違った「常識的に考えて・・・」か いやからあげにマヨネーズは違うだろ
Manga: Danna ga Nani wo Itteiru ka Wakaranai Ken 旦那が何を言っているかわからない件 (Chapter 1, 合わない趣味とハマったソリ)
  • Context: a wife doesn't know what JK means.
  • karaage niwa mayoneezu daro
    To karaage, mayonnaise, right.
    • i.e. karaage goes well with mayonnaise.
    • karaage - usually chicken deep-fried in oil.
  • JK (joukou)
    (it's common sense.)
  • mogumogu
    *munch munch*
  • JK (joukou) tte nanda...?
    What's joukou...?
  • JK (joukou)...
  • pi...
    *phone beep*
  • joshi kousei?
    Highs school girl?
  • nande joshi koosee?
    Why high school girl?
  • a, chigatta "joushiki-teki ni kangete..." ka
    Ah, I got that wrong, "thinking with common sense..." huh.
  • iya karaage ni mayoneezu wa chigau daro
    [Wait,] no, [putting] mayonnaise on karaage isn't right, [what are you talking about].

chigai 違い

The word chigai 違い means a "difference," it's the noun form of the verb chigau 違う.

  • chigai wa arimasu
    A difference exists.
    There is a difference.
  • chigai wa arimasen
    A difference doesn't exist.
    There's no difference.
    It's the same thing.
    There's no mistake.

Since chigai is a noun, when it's qualified by another noun or {noun phrase}, the qualifier becomes a no-adjective through the no の particle. For example:

  • iken no chigai
    A difference of opinion.
  • {kudamono to yasai} no chigai
    The difference of {fruits and vegetables}.
    The difference between {fruits and vegetables}.
  • {are to} no chigai
    The difference of {[something] with that}.
    The difference {with that}.
  • sono chigai
    The difference of that.
    That difference.

Note that there's no difference between the indefinite and definite articles "a" and "the" in Japanese.

This is particularly used to ask the difference between two different ways to spell a same word.

Related words:

  • tsukai-kata
    How to use. (a word.)
  • tsukai-wake
    Division of usage. (of two words.)
    When to use one thing and when to use another.

Some examples of chigai as the direct object, marked by the wo を particle:

  • sono chigai wo oshiete-kudasai
    Please teach [me] the difference of that.
    • The difference between those things.
降りて来いよ ド三流 格の違いってやつを見せてやる
Manga: Fullmetal Alchemist, Hagane no Renkinjutsushi 鋼の錬金術師 (Chapter 1, 二人の錬金術師)
  • Context: Edward Elric エドワード・エルリック wants to show who's boss.
  • orite-koi yo, do-sanryuu
    Come down, third rate.
  • {kaku no chigai tte} yatsu wo misete-yaru!!
    [I] will show [you] what {is called difference of ranks}. (literally.)
    • In the sense of the difference between a third rate alchemist and a first rate one.

An example with the null particle:

  • koruna to ai-eru-wai sain no chigai φ shitte-imasu ka?
    Do [you] know the difference between the corna and the ILY sign?

~ni chigainai ~に違いない

The phrase ~ni chigainai ~に違いない means "there's no mistake," "there's no doubt," "I'm certain of it." Literally, it means something "has no difference," because the phrase is actually three words:

  • X ni chigai ga nai
    There is no difference in X.
    X has no difference.

Sentences such as the above are called double subject constructions: chigai, marked by the ga が particle (chigai ga nai), or by the null particle (chigai φ naichigainai), is the small subject predicated by the irregular verb aru ある," to exist," in its negative form, nai 無い, "to not exist," while the ni に particle marks something as the large dative subject, expressing where a chigai exists-or-not, i.e. whether something has a chigai or not.

Since a chigai can mean a mistake, something someone got wrong, saying there's no chigai means there's nothing wrong with it, no mistake, which in turn means we're certain of it.

大阪人ーー! きっとすごいツッコミとか装備してるに違いない! どう対処すれば!? そんなの考えなくても・・・・
Manga: Azumanga Daioh あずまんが大王 (Volume 1, Page 29, 負けるもんか)
  • Context: there is a transfer student coming from Ōsaka 大阪.
  • Oosaka-jin~~!
    An Osakan!
  • {kitto sugoi tsukkomi toka soubi shiteru} ni chigai-nai!
    There's no doubt {[she] [brings with her] an incredible tsukkomi and stuff like that}.
    • tsukkomi ツッコミ - a "retort," specially one done in manzai 漫才 comedy, which is popularly associated with the Kansai 関西 region, where Ōsaka is.
    • soubi suru
      To equip. (e.g. a weapon, except in this case the weapon is a tsukkomi.)
  • dou taisho sureba!?
    How should [I] deal with [it]?
    (incomplete sentence, ~ba ii ~ばいい.)
  • sonna no kangaenakutemo....
    Even if [you] don't think about something like that [it will be fine]....
    You don't need to think about something like that....
    (incomplete sentence.)

"Difference" in Japanese

There are various ways to say "difference" in Japanese, besides chigai.

  • sa

    A distance. The size of a difference.
    • shinchou-sa
      A difference in height.
      The distance between the heights of two people.
    • chikara no sa
      A difference in power.
      The distance between the power of two people.
  • kubetsu
    • kubetsu ga tsukanai
      For the distinction to not come [in one's mind].
      To not be able to tell the difference between two things.
  • sabetsu
    • sabetsu yougo
      Discriminatory term. Slur.
  • betsu no X
    A separate X. Not this one, a different one.
    • betsu no eiga ga mitai
      [I] want to see a different movie. Not this one.
  • i~
    Different. (prefix.)
  • kotonaru
    To differ. (literary.)
    • iro ga kotonaru
      The color differs.
      The color is different.
    • iro ga chigau
      (same meaning.)

How to Say "What's The Difference?" in Japanese

There are various ways to say "what's the difference" in Japanese.

  • X to Y no chigai wa nandesu ka?
    What's the difference between X and Y?
  • sore wa dou chigaimasu ka?
    How is that different?
    How is that not right?
    How did I get that wrong?
  • doko ga chigau?
    Where is different?
    What part is wrong?

Derived Words

machigaeru 間違える

The verb machigaeru 間違える means "to mistake [something] for [something else]," or "to get an answer wrong."

  • kotae wo machigaeru
    To mistake the answer. (literally.)
    To get the wrong answer, rather than the correct answer.
  • michi wo machigaeru
    To mistake the road. (literally.)
    To get in the wrong road, an get lost, rather than choosing the road that correctly leads you to your destination.
  • jinsei wo machigaeta
    To have mistaken life. (literally.)
    To have done something wrong in life, leading yourself astray, rather than choosing to do the right thing and live a proper life.
  • {{machigaenai} you ni} ki wo tsukete kudasai
    Please pay attention {so [that] {[you] don't get [it] wrong}}.
  • {machigaetara} {taihen na koto ni} naru
    {If [you] get [it] wrong} [it] will be {be a disaster}.

For reference, how machigaeru is conjugated:

間違える Conjugation Table
Polite form.
Nonpast form. machigaeru
Past form. machigaeta
Negative form. machigaenai
Past negative form. machigaenakatta
machigaemasen deshita
~te-iru form machigaete-iru

machigau 間違う

The verb machigau 間違う means "to be wrong," except that it's an eventive verb, so, unlike chigau, machigau is future-tensed in nonpast form, meaning something like "to become a mistake in the future," and that it's sometimes an unaccusative verb forming an intransitive-transitive ergative verb pair with the lexical causative verb machigaeru, other times being synonymous with machigaeru, making it a bit of a mess to understand.

Let's start with the easy part first.

Sometimes, machigau is used in exactly the same way as machigaeru, which means you can replace machigaeru with machigau and the meaning will be basically the same.(デジタル大辞泉)

  • machigaeta!
    [I] got [it] wrong!
  • machigatta
    (same meaning.)
  • kotae wo machigatta
    [I] got the answer wrong.
  • jinsei wo machigau
    To get [one's] life wrong.
  • {machigattara} shinu
    {If [you] get [it] wrong} [you] die.

There is, however, a difference between machigau and machigaeru that most people don't really know or care about.

The word machigaeru means to mistake one thing FOR ANOTHER, so there must be two things, meanwhile, machigau can mean for something to not be how it's supposed to be, so there may be only one thing, with an ideal form that was "wronged" into an wrong form.(

  • kotae wo machigaeta
    To choose the wrong answer, rather than the correct one.
    • e.g. in a multiple choice question, choosing A instead of B, when B is right.
  • kotae wo machigatta
    To make the answer wrong, rather than right.
    • e.g. in a question about how much is 2 + 2, answering 22 instead of 4.

Reviewing the examples from before, there are cases where machigaeru doesn't make sense since there aren't two things to choose from, for example, while you can make wrong choices in life, you can't choose the wrong life over the right one because you only got one life.

Regardless, most people don't really think much of it and one verb ends up being used instead of the other all the time.

machigatte-iru 間違っている

The word machigatte-iru 間違っている means "to be wrong," it's the ~te-iru form stativization of the eventive verb machigau, giving it the same lexical aspect as chigau, and, as such, making it present-tensed.

To understand what this means, we need to understand the differences between machigau, machigaeru, and machigatte-iru.

As mentioned previously, SOMETIMES machigau is used as if it were machigaeru, and they become interchangeable. We won't be talking about this usage here. We're going to talk only about when you use machigau in a way that you can't replace it by machigaeru.

First, in grammar, there's a thing called ergativity that refers to the ability of a verb to be both intransitive (with only a subject) and transitive (with subject and object). Many English verbs are ergative. For example:

  • John broke a vase.
    • John - subject.
    • Vase - object.
    • Broke - transitive verb.
  • The vase broke.
    • Vase - subject.
    • Broke - intransitive verb.

In some cases, two different words form an ergative verb pair, in which they carry the same meaning but one is replaced by the other according to the transitivity of the sentence.

  • John raised his hand.
    • Raised - past form of raises.
  • John's hand rose.
    • Rose - past form of rises.

In Japanese, ergative verbs are rare, but ergative verb pairs are common.

  • Tarou ga kabin wo kowashita
    Tarou broke the vase.
    • kowashita - past form of kowasu.
  • kabin ga kowareta
    The vase broke.
    • kowareta - past form of kowareru.

Above, both kowasu and kowareru mean "to break." The outcome of this "breaking" process is that something ends up in a "broken" state. The difference is that kowasu has the causer that caused this state change, while kowareru lacks it.

  • Tarou broke the vase.
  • Tarou caused the vase to become broken, by breaking it.
  • The vase broke.
  • The vase became broken, because... I don't know, maybe someone broke it, maybe it broke spontaneously, we have no idea because there's no causer in the sentence.

Generally, when conjugated to ~te-iru form, the causative verb becomes progressive, while the unaccusative becomes resultative:

  • Tarou ga kabin wo kowashite-iru
    Tarou is breaking the vase.
    Tarou is breaking vases.
  • kabin ga kowarete-iru
    The vase is broken. (resultative.)
    The vase is breaking. (progressive, unlikely.)

The verbs machigau and machigaeru also form an ergative verb pair. Technically, they would mean something like this:

  • Tarou ga kotae wo machigaeru
    Tarou will mistake the answer.
    Tarou will cause the answer to become wrong, by getting it wrong.
  • kotae ga machigau
    The answer will become wrong.

There are two things to note.

First, that in this case, machigau has the ga が particle marking the subject. When machigau has the same meaning as machigaeru, it has the wo を particle marking the object instead.

  • Tarou ga kotae wo machigau
    (same meaning as machigaeru.)
  • kotae wo machigau
    (same meaning as machigaeru.)

Second, that both sentences are future-tensed. Tarou "will" mistake, and the answer "will" become, neither have happened yet, because both verbs are eventive.

This is where machigatte-iru enters.

The phrase machigatte-iru turns machigau into a stative predicate, just like it did with kowarete-iru.

With kowarete-iru, we were talking about the broken state of the vase, resultant of it breaking for some reason, while with machigatte-iru we're talking about the wrong state of something, resultant of it turning out wrong for some reason.

  • kotae ga machigatte-iru
    The answer is wrong.
    • Probably because someone got it wrong in the past, so it "is wrong" in the present.
  • Yahari Ore no Seishun Rabukome wa Machigatte-iru.
    As I Thought, My Teenager Love Comedy is Wrong.
    • Probably because someone who was responsible for making it right got it wrong.
  • {Danjon ni Deai wo Motomeru} no wa Machigatte-iru Darou ka?
    Is [It] Wrong {to Hope for an Encounter in a Dungeon}?

Observe the difference between chigau and machigatte-iru:

  • kore wa chigau
    This is different.
    This isn't the same thing.
    • chigau - nonpast form.
  • kore wa machigatte-iru
    This is wrong.
    This isn't the correct thing.
    • machigatte-iru - ~te-iru form.
  • ore wa chigau
    I'm different.
    I'm not like him.
    I'm not like other guys.
  • ore wa machigatte-iru
    I'm wrong.
  • kono sekai wa chigau
    This world is different.
    • From the other world, the one I came from.
  • kono sekai wa machigatte-iru
    This world is wrong.

machigatteru 間違ってる

The word machigatteru 間違ってる means the same thing as machigatte-iru 間違っている which we've seen above. It's a contraction, specifically a sort of contraction called i-nuki-kotoba い抜き言葉.

machigatta 間違った

The word machigatta 間違った is the past form of machigau. Literally, it means "became wrong," but when used in a relative clause it means "that is wrong," the same resultative meaning as machigatte-iru in the matrix. Observe:

  • kono suuji ga machigatte-iru
    This number is wrong.
    • Implicature:
    • dare ka ga kono suuji wo machigaeta
      Someone got this number wrong.
  • {machigatta} suuji
    A number [that] {is wrong}.
    • Implicature:
    • {dare ka ga machigaeta} suuji
      A number [that] {someone got wrong}.

Some other examples:

  • watashi ga ji wo machigaeta
    I got the letter wrong.
  • {machigatta} ji
    A {wrong} letter. A misspelling.
    • goji
  • {ichi-do mo machigatta} koto ga nai
    To have not {gotten [anything] wrong even once}.
    To have never made a mistake.
    • {ichido dake machigatta} koto ga aru
      To have {gotten [something] wrong only once}.
      To have made a mistake only once.

machigai 間違い

The word machigai 間違い means a "mistake." It's the noun form of machigau.

  • machigai wa arimasu
    A mistake exists.
    There is a mistaken.
  • machigai wa arimasen
    A mistake doesn't exist.
    There is no mistake.
    This is the correct answer, no doubt, I'm absolutely, 100% certain of it, for sure.
  • machigai arimasen
    (same meaning, null particle.)

Since machigau includes the meanings of machigaeru, machigai can also refer to one's own actions:

  • watashi no machigai desu
    [It] is my mistake.
    • watashi ga machigatta
      I got [something] wrong. (causative, machigaeru.)
      I turned wrong. (unaccusative, unlikely.)
  • machigai wo okashita
    [i} committed a mistake. [I] have made an error.

machigainai 間違いない

The word machigainai 間違いない means "there's no mistake." It's actually a phrase, machigai nai, formed by machigai, a null particle, and the negative form of the irregular verb aru ある, which is nai ない.

  • aitsu wa uragirimono da! machigai nai!
    That guy is the traitor! There is no mistake!
  • machigai nee! ano yarou da!
    There's no mistake! It's that bastard!

This is just like how ~ni chigai nai works. Observe the similarities below:

  • kono Joruno Jobaana niwa yume ga aru
    To this Giorno Giovanna, a dream exists.
    This Giorno Giovanna has a dream.
    (double subject construction with dative large subject.)
  • sore wa kankei ga aru?
    Does that have a relationship? (literally.)
    Is it related to that?
    (double subject construction with nominative large subject.)
  • sore φ kankei φ aru?
    (same meaning, with null particles.)
  • sore φ kankei φ nai
    That doesn't have a relationship.
    That isn't related.
    It has nothing to do with that.
    (double subject construction.)
  • sore φ machigai φ nai
    That doesn't have a mistake.
    There's no mistake in that.
    That can't be wrong. That's absolutely correct.
    (double subject construction.)
  • sore wa machigai ga nai
    (same meaning.)

machigattemo 間違っても

The phrase machigattemo 間違っても means literally "even if [you] get [it] wrong." It's used to say something you should NEVER do, in the sense that you shouldn't do it even by mistake.

Of course, if you make a mistake, you may end up doing the thing, so the phrase doesn't make a lot of sense if you think about as it's literally impossible to avoid doing something by mistake. Regardless, the idea is to emphasize you should really do everything you can to not do the thing.

For example:

  • machigattemo tagen shite wa ikenai
    Even if you get it wrong, [you] shouldn't tell others. (literally.)
    • In the sense that you should keep it a secret, and never tell others, no matter what.

Observe the function of the mo も particle after the te-form here:

  • {machigatte} koohii ni shio wo ireta
    {Doing a mistake}, [he] put salt in the coffee.
    • Rather than putting sugar in the coffee, which would be the correct thing to do.
  • {machigattemo} koohii ni shio wo irete wa ikenai
    {Even doing a mistake}, [you] shouldn't put salt in the coffee.

mi-machigai 見間違い

The word mi-machigai 見間違い means "seeing [something] and mistaking [it] for [something else]," in the sense of getting the impression you saw something you actually didn't

  • nani are?! kyodai robotto?!
    What is that?! A giant robot?!
  • mimachigai desu
    [You] saw [it] wrong.
    • It's not a giant robot.
    • You got the wrong impression.

kiki-machigai 聞き間違い

The word kiki-machigai 聞き間違い means "hearing [something] and mistaking [it] for [something else]," in the sense of getting the impression you heard something you actually didn't.

It works exactly like mi-machigai, except mi-machigai comes from miru 見る, "to see," while kiki-chigai comes from kiku 聞く, "to hear."

kanchigai 勘違い

The word kanchigai 勘違い means one's intuition (kan) is different from reality, that is, it's used when one feels like something is true, but upon further inspection it's just their imagination.

  • ore no kanchigai ka
    I imagined [it] wrong, huh.
    It was just my imagination, huh.

kanchigai shinai de 勘違いしないで

The phrase kanchigai shinaide 勘違いしないで means "don't get the wrong idea." It's typically used by a tsundere ツンデレ character who does something nice for a guy she likes, but then tries to hide her feelings by telling him not to get the impression she's doing it because she likes him.

  • kanchigai suru
    To kanchigai.(literally.)
    To imagine something is something else.
  • kanchigai shinaide
    Don't kanchigai.
    Don't get the wrong idea.
    (~naide ~ないで imperative.)

Some examples:

勘違いしないでよね!! 別にあんたのためじゃないんだからね!!!
Manga: Nichijou 日常 (Chapter 44)
  • Context: the most template of the phrases.
  • kanchigai shinaide yo ne!!
    Don't get the wrong idea!!
  • betsu ni anta no tame janai-n-dakara ne!!!
    It's not like [I] did [it] for you or anything!!!
カン違いしないでね? お願いじゃないの、命令。
Manga: Black Lagoon (Chapter 4, Rasta Blasta PT.3)
  • Context: Balalaika バラライカ makes sure someone understands the situation.
  • kanchigai shinaide ne?
    Don't get the wrong idea, okay?
  • onegai janai no, meirei.
    [It] isn't a favor, [it's] an order.

hitochigai 人違い

The word hitochigai 人違い means the person (hito) is different from reality, that is, it's used when you think someone is a certain person, but it turns out you got the wrong person, you mistook them for someone else.

お客様は神様ですもの・・・・・・ ・・・・・・ 人違いです
Manga: Saint☆Oniisan, 聖☆おにいさん (Chapter 16, 納涼ハンター)
  • Context: Jesus and Buddha walk into a family restaurant, while hiding their true identities, certain that nobody will figure it out. Buddha compliments the staff for the good service, then the employee tells him:
  • okyakusama wa kamisama desu mono......
    The customer is God, [after all]......
  • ......
  • hito-chigai desu
    [You've got] the wrong person.
Manga: Holy Land, ホーリーランド (Chapter 1)
  • Context: the speaker mistakes someone for someone else.
  • warii...
  • hito-chigai!
    Wrong person!

bachigai 場違い

The word bachigai 場違い means the place someone is at is different, in the sense that they're in the wrong place, that they shouldn't be there.

danchigai 段違い

The word danchigai 段違い means the rank of two things is different, typically used in anime when the power of one character is on a different level compared to someone else, i.e. they're much stronger.

By the way, this is the same dan 段 that's used to refer to one's "rank" in karate 空手, shōgi 将棋, etc.

ketachigai 桁違い

The word ketachigai 桁違い means the order of magnitude of two things is different, typically used in the sense of one thing being an order of magnitude better than the other, i.e. one thing being much better than the other, or someone being much stronger than someone else.

The word keta 桁 means "digit," as in the number 10 having 2 digits, and 100 having 3 digits. In the decimal number system, being one order higher means being around 10 times greater.

chau ちゃう

In Kansai dialect, chau ちゃう means the same thing as chigau 違う.(

自分で売った喧嘩やろ 自分で片つけんのが筋ちゃうんか! Do it yourself!!
Manga: Gokushufudou 極主夫道 (Chapter 8)
  • Context: Masa 雅 asks Tatsu たつ for help in a fight, who responds:
  • jibun de utta kenka yaro
    That's a fight [you] picked yourself, [wasn't it]!
    • kenka wo uru
      To sell a fight. (literally.)
      To pick a fight with someone.
  • {jibun de kata-tsuke-n}-no ga suji chau-n-ka!
    {To clear [your mess] yourself} [is only logical], [am I wrong]?
    • kata-tsuke-n-no - contraction of kata-tsukeru no 片つけるの.
    • suji - reason, logic, besides other meanings, can be used to refer to something that you're supposed or expected to do in response to something else because it's the reasonable thing.
    • chau-n-ka - contraction of chau no ka.
    • chigau no ka?
      Does [it] differ?
      Is it not so?
      Am I not right?
      Am I wrong?
  • Do it yourself!!
    Do it yourself!!
    (I have no idea what this means.)


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