Friday, January 11, 2019

-gatai ~がたい, ~難い

In Japanese, -gatai ~がたい, also written -gatai ~難い, is an auxiliary adjective that means something "hard to do" because you aren't willing to do it, or it's "hard to happen" because you don't believe it normally happen.

(not to be confused with gattai 合体, which means "to combine.")

Example of -gatai ~がたい used in Japanese, from manga Made in Abyss, メイドインアビス
Manga: Made in Abyss, Meido in Abisu メイドインアビス
Thursday, January 10, 2019

-dzurai ~づらい, ~辛い

In Japanese, -dzurai ~づらい, also written -dzurai ~辛い, pronounced the same way as zurai ずらい, and inputted in an IME as durai, is an auxiliary adjective that means a verb is "hard for you to do" because doing it causes you trouble or distress.

Example of ~づらい usage, as seen in the manga Komi-san wa, Comyushou desu. 古見さんは、コミュ症です。
Manga: Komi-san wa, Comyushou desu. 古見さんは、コミュ症です。
Wednesday, January 9, 2019

-nikui ~にくい, ~難い

In Japanese, -nikui ~にくい, also written -nikui ~難い, -nikui ~悪い, is an auxiliary adjective that means something is "hard to do." In essence, -nikui ~にくい is the antonym of the auxiliary adjective -yasui ~やすい, which means "easy to do."

く…なんだか今とてつもなく恥ずかしいことをしている気分だ…息が…息がしにくい… quote from manga Karakai Jouzu no Takagi-san からかい上手の高木さん
Manga: Karakai Jouzu no Takagi-san からかい上手の高木さん

-yasui ~やすい, 安い, 易い

In Japanese, -yasui ~やすい is an auxiliary adjective that means something is "easy" to do or to happen. It's also a normal i-adjective that means "easy," yasui 易い. When the word is written with a different kanji, yasui 安い, it means something is "cheap" or "calm."
Friday, January 4, 2019

-rashii ~らしい

In Japanese, -rashii ~らしい is an auxiliary adjective that has a couple of tricky meanings. Usually, rashii means "I heard that," or "it seems that," or "it's like that," or "-esque," depending on how it's used.

胸が小さい女子って、そのコトを気にしてる場合が多いらしいぜ。 quote from manga Karakai Jouzu no Takagi-san からかい上手の高木さん
Manga: Karakai Jouzu no Takagi-san からかい上手の高木さん